Down Beat

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Down Beat er eit amerikansk musikkmagasin. Tidlegare var det eit reint jazz-tidsskrift, men dekker nå det dei sjølve beskriv som «jazz, blues and beyond».

Innan sin sjanger er Down Beat tidsskriftet med det største opplaget på verdsbasis[1] og det første som blei stifta: første utgåve kom i juli 1934 i Chicago. I starten var det eit månadsmagasin, men frå 1939 kom bladet ut to gonger i månaden og i ei periode annankvar veke. Sidan april 1979 har det vore eit månadsmagasin igjen.[2]

Heilt frå oppstarten har bladet arrangert lesaravstemminga Readers Poll for beste musikar, og frå 1953 kritikaravstemminga Critics Poll for alle musikkinstrument og kategoriar. Desse tildelingane blir rekna som dei mest prestisjetunge prisane i jazzverda.

«Down beat» er det engelske omgrepet for det første slaget i ei takt.

Prisar[endre | endre wikiteksten]

«Lifetime Achievement Award»[endre | endre wikiteksten]

«Hall of Fame»[endre | endre wikiteksten]

Down Beat si Jazz Hall of Fame ligg i Universal Studios si City Jazz club i Orlando, Florida. Gjeldande medlemskap sortert etter år er lista opp i tabellen nedanfor. Vinnarane før 1961 blei valde av av lesarane sin readers' poll før kritikartildelinga sin critics' poll kom i gang i 1961.

År «Readers Poll» «Critics Poll»
1952 Louis Armstrong[3]
1953 Glenn Miller[4]
1954 Stan Kenton[5]
1955 Charlie Parker[6]
1956 Duke Ellington[7]
1957 Benny Goodman[8]
1958 Count Basie[9]
1959 Lester Young[10]
1960 Dizzy Gillespie[11]
1961 Billie Holiday[12] Coleman Hawkins[13]
1962 Miles Davis[14] Bix Beiderbecke[15]
1963 Thelonious Monk[16] Jelly Roll Morton[17]
1964 Eric Dolphy[18] Art Tatum[19]
1965 John Coltrane[20] Earl Hines[21]
1966 Bud Powell[22] Charlie Christian[23]
1967 Billy Strayhorn[24] Bessie Smith[25]
1968 Wes Montgomery[26] Sidney Bechet & Fats Waller[27]
1969 Ornette Coleman[28] Pee Wee Russell & Jack Teagarden[29]
1970 Jimi Hendrix[30] Johnny Hodges[31]
1971 Charles Mingus[32] Roy Eldridge & Django Reinhardt[33]
1972 Gene Krupa[34] Clifford Brown[35]
1973 Sonny Rollins[36] Fletcher Henderson[37]
1974 Buddy Rich[38] Ben Webster[39]
1975 Cannonball Adderley[40] Cecil Taylor[41]
1976 Woody Herman King Oliver[42]
1977 Paul Desmond Benny Carter[43]
1978 Joe Venuti Rahsaan Roland Kirk[44]
1979 Ella Fitzgerald Lennie Tristano[45]
1980 Dexter Gordon Max Roach[46]
1981 Art Blakey Bill Evans[47]
1982 Art Pepper Fats Navarro[48]
1983 Stéphane Grappelli Albert Ayler[49]
1984 Oscar Peterson[50] Sun Ra[51]
1985 Sarah Vaughan Zoot Sims[52]
1986 Stan Getz Gil Evans[53]
1987 Lionel Hampton Johnny Dodds, Thad Jones, Teddy Wilson[54]
1988 Jaco Pastorius Kenny Clarke[55]
1989 Woody Shaw Chet Baker[56]
1990 Red Rodney Mary Lou Williams[57]
1991 Lee Morgan John Carter[58]
1992 Maynard Ferguson James P. Johnson[59]
1993 Gerry Mulligan Edward Blackwell[60]
1994 Dave Brubeck Frank Zappa[61]
1995 J. J. Johnson Julius Hemphill[62]
1996 Horace Silver Artie Shaw[63]
1997 Nat King Cole Tony Williams[64]
1998 Frank Sinatra Elvin Jones[65]
1999 Milt Jackson[66] Betty Carter[67]
2000 Clark Terry Lester Bowie[68]
2001 Joe Henderson Milt Hinton[69]
2002 Antônio Carlos Jobim John Lewis[70]
2003 Ray Brown Wayne Shorter[71]
2004 McCoy Tyner Roy Haynes
2005 Herbie Hancock Steve Lacy
2006 Jimmy Smith Jackie McLean[72]
2007 Michael Brecker Andrew Hill[73]
2008 Keith Jarrett[74] Joe Zawinul
2009 Freddie Hubbard Hank Jones
2010 Muhal Richard Abrams Chick Corea

«Veterans Committee Hall of Fame»[endre | endre wikiteksten]

«Album of the Year»[endre | endre wikiteksten]

Jazz Album of the Year er ei liste med vel eit dusin populære album, her er dei tre øvste albuma på lista for dei siste åra:

2006 critics' poll:
(1) Andrew Hill: Time Lines (Blue Note)
(2) Wayne Shorter Quartet: Beyond the Sound Barrier (Verve)
(3) Sonny Rollins: Without a Song: The 9/11 Concert (Milestone)

2007 critics' poll:
(1) Ornette Coleman: Sound Grammar (Sound Grammar)
(2) Trio Beyond: Saudades (ECM)
(3) Sonny Rollins: Sonny, Please (Doxy)

2008 critics' poll:
(1) Maria Schneider: Sky Blue (ArtistShare)
(2) Michael Brecker: Pilgrimage (Heads Up)
(3) Joe Lovano and Hank Jones: Kids: Duets Live At Dizzy's Club Coca-Cola (Blue Note)

2010 critics' poll:
(1) Vijay Iyer Trio: Historicity (ACT)
(2) Joe Lovano Us Five: Folk Art (Blue Note)
(3) Miguel Zenón: Esta Plena (Marsalis)

Referansar[endre | endre wikiteksten]

  1. „Jazz in the Catbird Seat: It Wasn't Always So“, New York Times, 6. januar 2001
  2. „Rinker on Collectibles: Questions & Answers. Vintage Collectibles“, 28. oktober 2009
  3. «1952 Down Beat Readers Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=758. Henta May 13, 2008. 
  4. «1953 Down Beat Readers Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=759. Henta May 13, 2008. 
  5. «1954 Down Beat Readers Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=760. Henta May 13, 2008. 
  6. «1955 Down Beat Readers Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=761. Henta May 13, 2008. 
  7. «1956 Down Beat Readers Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=762. Henta May 13, 2008. 
  8. «1957 Down Beat Readers Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=763. Henta May 13, 2008. 
  9. «1958 Down Beat Readers Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=764. Henta May 13, 2008. 
  10. «1959 Down Beat Readers Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=765. Henta May 13, 2008. 
  11. «1960 Down Beat Readers Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=766. Henta May 13, 2008. 
  12. «1961 Down Beat Readers Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=769. Henta May 13, 2008. 
  13. «1961 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=687. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  14. «1962 Down Beat Readers Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=770. Henta May 13, 2008. 
  15. «1962 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=688. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  16. «1963 Down Beat Readers Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=771. Henta May 13, 2008. 
  17. «1963 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=689. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  18. «1964 Down Beat Readers Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=772. Henta May 13, 2008. 
  19. «1964 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=690. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  20. «1965 Down Beat Readers Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=773. Henta May 13, 2008. 
  21. «1965 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=691. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  22. «1966 Down Beat Readers Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=774. Henta May 13, 2008. 
  23. «1966 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=692. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  24. «1967 Down Beat Readers Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=775. Henta May 13, 2008. 
  25. «1967 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=693. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  26. «1968 Down Beat Readers Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=776. Henta May 13, 2008. 
  27. «1968 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=694. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  28. «1969 Down Beat Readers Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=777. Henta May 13, 2008. 
  29. «1969 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=695. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  30. «1970 Down Beat Readers Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=778. Henta May 13, 2008. 
  31. «1970 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=696. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  32. «1971 Down Beat Readers Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=779. Henta May 13, 2008. 
  33. «1971 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=697. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  34. «1972 Down Beat Readers Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=780. Henta May 13, 2008. 
  35. «1972 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=698. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  36. «1973 Down Beat Readers Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=781. Henta May 13, 2008. 
  37. «1973 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=699. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  38. «1974 Down Beat Readers Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=782. Henta May 13, 2008. 
  39. «1974 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=700. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  40. «1975 Down Beat Readers Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=783. Henta May 13, 2008. 
  41. «1975 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=701. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  42. «1976 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=702. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  43. «1977 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=703. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  44. «1978 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=704. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  45. «1979 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=705. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  46. «1980 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=706. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  47. «1981 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=707. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  48. «1982 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=708. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  49. «1983 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=709. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  50. «Oscar Peterson Dies at Age 82». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeatjazz.com/default.asp?sect=news&subsect=news_detail&nid=1079. Henta November 16, 2008. 
  51. «1984 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=710. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  52. «1985 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=711. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  53. «1986 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=712. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  54. «1987 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=713. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  55. «1988 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=714. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  56. «1989 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=715. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  57. «1990 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=716. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  58. «1991 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=717. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  59. «1992 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=718. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  60. «1993 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=719. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  61. «1994 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=720. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  62. «1995 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=721. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  63. «1996 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=722. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  64. «1997 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=723. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  65. «1998 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=724. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  66. «BMI Scores in Year End Jazz Polls». bmi.com. http://www.bmi.com/news/entry/232889. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  67. «1999 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=725. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  68. «2000 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=726. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  69. «2001 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=727. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  70. «2002 Down Beat Critics Poll». downbeat.com. http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=728. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  71. «BMI Dominates Downbeat Critics Poll». bmi.com. http://www.bmi.com/news/entry/233766. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  72. «BMI Jazz Greats Sweep ‘Downbeat’ Critics Poll». bmi.com. http://www.bmi.com/news/entry/537459. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  73. «BMI Jazz Giants Score in Down Beat 2007 Critics Poll». bmi.com. http://www.bmi.com/news/entry/535262. Henta November 14, 2008. 
  74. «BMI Jazz Composers Top ‘Downbeat’ Readers Poll». bmi.com. http://www.bmi.com/news/entry/537459. Henta November 14, 2008. 

Bakgrunnsstoff[endre | endre wikiteksten]