Joseph Greenberg

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Joseph Harold Greenberg (28. mai 19157. mai 2001) var ein framståande, men òg kontroversiell lingvist. Han er kjend både for arbeidet sitt innan språkfamilieinndeling og språkinndeling, og innan språktypologi. Joseph Greenberg vart fødd i Brooklyn i New York og var i mange år tilknytt Stanford University.

Joseph Greenberg er mest kjend for arbeidet sitt innan synkron lingvistikk og arbeidet med språkuniversal. Han føreslo òg fleire såkalla makrofamiliar, og prøvde å prova at mange språk som vanlegvis vert rekna for å høyra til ulike språkfamiliar, er i slekt med kvarandre.

Valde verk[endre | endre wikiteksten]

  • 1949. «Studies in African linguistic classification: I. Introduction, Niger-Congo family.» Southwestern Journal of Anthropology 5, 79-100.
  • 1950. «Studies in African linguistic classification: IV. Hamito-Semitic.» Southwestern Journal of Anthropology 6, 47-63.
  • 1954. «Studies in African linguistic classification VIII. Further remarks on method; revisions and corrections.» Southwestern Journal of Anthropology 10, 405-15.
  • 1955. Studies in African Linguistic Classification. New Haven: Compass Publishing Company.
  • 1957. Essays in Linguistics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • 1963 (red.). Universals of Language. Cambridge: MIT Press.
  • 1963. «Some universals of grammar with particular reference to the order of meaningful elements.» I Universals of Language, pp. 73–113. Cambridge: MIT Press.
  • 1963. The Languages of Africa. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
  • 1970. «Some generalizations concerning glottalic consonants, especially implosives.» International Journal of American Linguistics 36, 123-145.
  • 1971. «The Indo-Pacific hypothesis.» I Thomas A. Sebeok et al. (redaktører), Current Trends in Linguistics, Volume 8: Linguistics in Oceania, 807-871. The Hague: Mouton de Gruyter.
  • 1978 (red.). Universals of Human Language, Volume 1: Method and Theory. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  • 1978 (red.). Universals of Human Language, Volume 2: Phonology. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  • 1978 (red.). Universals of Human Language, Volume 3: Word Structure. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  • 1978 (red.). Universals of Human Language, Volume 4: Syntax. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  • 1983. «Some areal characteristics of African languages.» I Current Approaches to African Linguistics, Volume 1, redigert av Ivan R. Dihoff, 3-21. Dordrecht: Foris.
  • 1987. Language in the Americas. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  • 1989. «Classification of American Indian languages: a reply to Campbell.» Language 65.1, 107-114.
  • 1993. «Observations concerning Ringe's 'Calculating the factor of chance in language comparison'.» Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 137.1, 79-90.
  • 2000. Indo-European and Its Closest Relatives: The Eurasiatic Language Family, Volume 1: Grammar. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  • 2002. Indo-European and Its Closest Relatives: The Eurasiatic Language Family, Volume 2: Lexicon. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  • 2005. Genetic Linguistics: Essays on Theory and Method, redigert av William Croft. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

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