Trochilinae

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Trochilinae


Kvitstrupejuvel, Lampornis castaneoventrisFoto: Joseph C Boone
Kvitstrupejuvel, Lampornis castaneoventris
Foto: Joseph C Boone

Systematikk
Rike: Animalia
Rekkje: Chordata
Klasse: Aves
Orden: Apodiformes
Familie: Trochilidae
Underfamilie: Trochilinae
Vitskapleg namn
Trochilinae
Jardine, 1833

Trochilinae er ein underfamilie av kolibriar. Medlemmer av Trochilinae har vore kalla typiske kolibriar og omfattar ca. 155 av alle ca. 335 kolibriartar. Dei andre underfamiliane er Florisuginae, Phaethornithinae, Polytminae, Lesbiinae og Patagoninae.

Typisk syner fuglar i Trochilinae iriserande fjørdrakt i metallisk raudt, oransje, grønt og eller blått. Dei syner kjønnsdimorfisme i fjørdrakta, dessutan i storleik hos mange artar.

Artslista[endre | endre wikiteksten]

Liste over biologiske slekter med artar i Trochilinae i rekkjefølgje etter Clementslista versjon 6.9 frå august 2014[1] med norske namn etter Norske navn på verdens fugler.[2] Utvalet av slekter er etter HBW and BirdLife International illustrated checklist of the birds of the world, band 1, 2014.[3]

Slekt Sternoclyta

  • Skjoldkolibri, Sternoclyta cyanopectus, Violet-chested Hummingbird, LC, Gould, 1846

Slekt Hylonympha

  • Saksekolibri, Hylonympha macrocerca, Scissor-tailed Hummingbird, EN, Gould, 1873

Slekt Eugenes

Slekt Heliomaster

Slekt Panterpe

  • Eldstrupekolibri, Panterpe insignis, Fiery-throated Hummingbird, LC, Cabanis & Heine, 1860

Slekt Lampornis

  • Flekkstrupejuvel, Lampornis viridipallens, Green-throated Mountain-gem, LC, Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846
  • Flekkbrystjuvel, Lampornis sybillae, Green-breasted Mountain-gem, LC, Salvin & Godman, 1892
  • Amestyststrupejuvel, Lampornis amethystinus, Amethyst-throated Hummingbird, LC, Swainson, 1827
  • Blåstrupejuvel, Lampornis clemenciae, Blue-throated Hummingbird, LC, Lesson, 1829
  • Kvitbukjuvel, Lampornis hemileucus, White-bellied Mountain-gem, LC, Salvin, 1865
  • Purpurstrupejuvel, Lampornis calolaemus, Purple-throated Mountain-gem, LC, Salvin, 1865
  • Kvitstrupejuvel, Lampornis castaneoventris, White-throated Mountain-gem, LC, Gould, 1851

Slekt Lamprolaima

  • Granatkolibri, Lamprolaima rhami, Garnet-throated Hummingbird, LC, Lesson, 1838

Slekt Myrtis

Slekt Eulidia

  • Aricakolibri, Eulidia yarrellii, Chilean Woodstar, CR, Bourcier, 1847

Slekt Rhodopis

  • Vesperkolibri, Rhodopis vesper, Oasis Hummingbird, LC, Lesson, 1829

Slekt Thaumastura

  • Pinsettkolibri, Thaumastura cora, Peruvian Sheartail, LC, Lesson, 1827

Slekt Chaetocercus

  • Kvitbukkolibri, Chaetocercus mulsant, White-bellied Woodstar, LC, Bourcier, 1842
  • Pygmékolibri, Chaetocercus bombus, Little Woodstar, VU, Gould, 1871
  • Knøttkolibri, Chaetocercus heliodor, Gorgeted Woodstar, LC, Bourcier, 1840
  • Santamartakolibri, Chaetocercus astreans, Santa Marta Woodstar, LC, Bangs, 1899
  • Esmeraldaskolibri, Chaetocercus berlepschi, Esmeraldas Woodstar, EN, Simon, 1889
  • Rustskaftkolibri, Chaetocercus jourdanii, Rufous-shafted Woodstar, LC, Bourcier, 1839

Slekt Myrmia

Slekt Microstilbon

  • Smalhalekolibri, Microstilbon burmeisteri, Slender-tailed Woodstar, LC, Sclater, 1887

Slekt Doricha

Slekt Tilmatura

  • Signalhalekolibri, Tilmatura dupontii, Sparkling-tailed Hummingbird, LC, Lesson, 1832

Slekt Calothorax

  • Luciferkolibri, Calothorax lucifer, Lucifer Hummingbird, LC, Swainson, 1827
  • Fagerkolibri, Calothorax pulcher, Beautiful Hummingbird, LC, Gould, 1859

Slekt Calliphlox

  • Bahamaskolibri, Calliphlox evelynae, Bahama Woodstar, LC, Bourcier, 1847
  • Magentakolibri, Calliphlox bryantae, Magenta-throated Woodstar, LC, Lawrence, 1867
  • Purpurkolibri, Calliphlox mitchellii, Purple-throated Woodstar, LC, Bourcier, 1847
  • Ametystkolibri, Calliphlox amethystina, Amethyst Woodstar, LC, Boddaert, 1783

Slekt Archilochus

  • Rubinstrupekolibri, Archilochus colubris, Ruby-throated Hummingbird, LC, Linné, 1758
  • Svartstrupekolibri, Archilochus alexandri, Black-chinned Hummingbird, LC, Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846

Slekt Mellisuga

  • Dvergkolibri, Mellisuga minima, Vervain Hummingbird, LC, Linné, 1758
  • Bikolibri, Mellisuga helenae, Bee Hummingbird, NT, Lembeye, 1850

Slekt Calypte

Slekt Atthis

  • Humlekolibri, Atthis heloisa, Bumblebee Hummingbird, LC, Lesson & DeLattre, 1839
  • Vinstrupekolibri, Atthis ellioti, Wine-throated Hummingbird, LC, Ridgway, 1878

Slekt Selasphorus

  • Breihalekolibri, Selasphorus platycercus, Broad-tailed Hummingbird, LC, Swainson, 1827
  • Raudkolibri, Selasphorus rufus, Rufous Hummingbird, LC, Gmelin, 1788
  • Chaparralkolibri, Selasphorus sasin, Allen's Hummingbird, LC, Lesson, 1829
  • Vulkankolibri, Selasphorus flammula, Volcano Hummingbird, LC, Salvin, 1864
  • Glokolibri, Selasphorus ardens, Glow-throated Hummingbird, EN, Salvin, 1870
  • Gnistkolibri, Selasphorus scintilla, Scintillant Hummingbird, LC, Gould, 1851
  • Kalliopekolibri, Selasphorus calliope, Calliope Hummingbird, LC, Gould, 1847

Slekt Chlorostilbon

  • manglar norsk namn, Chlorostilbon melanorhynchus, Western Emerald, NR, Gould, 1860
  • manglar norsk namn, Chlorostilbon gibsoni, Red-billed Emerald, LC, Fraser, 1840
  • Blåhalesmaragd, Chlorostilbon mellisugus, Blue-tailed Emerald, LC, Linné, 1758
  • Gullkronesmaragd, Chlorostilbon auriceps, Golden-crowned Emerald, LC, Gould, 1852
  • Cozumelsmaragd, Chlorostilbon forficatus, Cozumel Emerald, LC, Ridgway, 1885
  • Mayasmaragd, Chlorostilbon canivetii, Canivet's Emerald, LC, Lesson, 1832
  • Hagesmaragd, Chlorostilbon assimilis, Garden Emerald, LC, Lawrence, 1861
  • Chiribiquetesmaragd, Chlorostilbon olivaresi, Chiribiquete Emerald, LC, Stiles, 1996
  • Kubasmaragd, Chlorostilbon ricordii, Cuban Emerald, LC, Gervais, 1835
  • Svartbrystsmaragd, Chlorostilbon swainsonii, Hispaniolan Emerald, LC, Lesson, 1829
  • Puertoricosmaragd, Chlorostilbon maugaeus, Puerto Rican Emerald, LC, Audebert & Vieillot, 1801
  • Glansbuksmaragd, Chlorostilbon lucidus, Glittering-bellied Emerald, LC, d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838
  • Koparsmaragd, Chlorostilbon russatus, Coppery Emerald, LC, Salvin & Godman, 1881
  • Smalhalesmaragd, Chlorostilbon stenurus, Narrow-tailed Emerald, LC, Cabanis & Heine, 1860
  • Grønhalesmaragd, Chlorostilbon alice, Green-tailed Emerald, NR, Bourcier & Mulsant, 1848
  • Korthalesmaragd, Chlorostilbon poortmani, Short-tailed Emerald, LC, Bourcier, 1843

Slekt Chlorestes

Slekt Cynanthus

  • Dunkelkolibri, Cynanthus sordidus, Dusky Hummingbird, LC, Gould, 1859
  • Breinebbkolibri, Cynanthus latirostris, Broad-billed Hummingbird, LC, Swainson, 1827

Slekt Cyanophaia

  • Blåhovudkolibri, Cyanophaia bicolor, Blue-headed Hummingbird, LC, Gmelin, 1788

Slekt Orthorhyncus

  • Toppkolibri, Orthorhyncus cristatus, Antillean Crested Hummingbird, LC, Linné, 1758

Slekt Klais

Slekt Abeillia

Slekt Stephanoxis

  • Vipekolibri, Stephanoxis lalandi, Plovercrest, LC, Vieillot, 1818

Slekt Phaeochroa

  • Skjelbrystkolibri, Phaeochroa cuvierii, Scaly-breasted Hummingbird, LC, DeLattre & Bourcier, 1846

Slekt Campylopterus

  • Kilehalesabelveng, Campylopterus curvipennis, Wedge-tailed Sabrewing, LC, Deppe, 1830
  • Langhalesabelveng, Campylopterus excellens, Long-tailed Sabrewing, NR, Wetmore, 1941
  • Gråbrystsabelveng, Campylopterus largipennis, Gray-breasted Sabrewing, LC, Boddaert, 1783
  • Rustsabelveng, Campylopterus rufus, Rufous Sabrewing, LC, Lesson, 1840
  • Fiolettsabelveng, Campylopterus hemileucurus, Violet Sabrewing, LC, Deppe, 1830
  • Tepuisabelveng, Campylopterus hyperythrus, Rufous-breasted Sabrewing, LC, Cabanis, 1848
  • Kvithalesabelveng, Campylopterus ensipennis, White-tailed Sabrewing, NT, Swainson, 1822
  • Brunhalesabelveng, Campylopterus falcatus, Lazuline Sabrewing, LC, Swainson, 1821
  • Santamartasabelveng, Campylopterus phainopeplus, Santa Marta Sabrewing, EN, Salvin & Godman, 1879
  • Naposabelveng, Campylopterus villaviscensio, Napo Sabrewing, NT, Bourcier, 1851
  • Yanomamosabelveng, Campylopterus duidae, Buff-breasted Sabrewing, LC, Chapman, 1929

Slekt Eupetomena

  • Svalekolibri, Eupetomena macroura, Swallow-tailed Hummingbird, LC, Gmelin, 1788

Slekt Chalybura

  • Svartfotdungump, Chalybura buffonii, White-vented Plumeleteer, LC, Lesson, 1832
  • Raudfotdungump, Chalybura urochrysia, Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer, LC, Gould, 1861

Slekt Thalurania

  • Mexicodryade, Thalurania ridgwayi, Mexican Woodnymph, VU, Nelson, 1900
  • manglar norsk namn, Thalurania colombica, Crowned Woodnymph, LC, Bourcier, 1843
  • Gaffeldryade, Thalurania furcata, Fork-tailed Woodnymph, LC, Gmelin, 1788
  • Svaledryade, Thalurania watertonii, Long-tailed Woodnymph, NT, Bourcier, 1847
  • Fiolettkronedryade, Thalurania glaucopis, Violet-capped Woodnymph, LC, Gmelin, 1788

Slekt Eupherusa

  • Stripehalekolibri, Eupherusa eximia, Stripe-tailed Hummingbird, LC, DeLattre, 1843
  • Blåkronekolibri, Eupherusa cyanophrys, Blue-capped Hummingbird, EN, Rowley & Orr, 1964
  • Kvithalekolibri, Eupherusa poliocerca, White-tailed Hummingbird, VU, Elliot, 1871
  • Svartbrystkolibri, Eupherusa nigriventris, Black-bellied Hummingbird, LC, Lawrence, 1867

Slekt Elvira

Slekt Microchera

Slekt Aphantochroa

  • Gråsabelveng, Aphantochroa cirrochloris, Sombre Hummingbird, LC, Vieillot, 1818

Slekt Taphrospilus

  • Ertekolibri, Taphrospilus hypostictus, Many-spotted Hummingbird, LC, Gould, 1862

Slekt Leucochloris

  • Kvitstrupekolibri, Leucochloris albicollis, White-throated Hummingbird, LC, Vieillot, 1818

Slekt Leucippus

  • Ferskenkolibri, Leucippus fallax, Buffy Hummingbird, LC, Bourcier, 1843
  • Tumbeskolibri, Leucippus baeri, Tumbes Hummingbird, LC, Simon, 1901
  • Flekkstrupekolibri, Leucippus taczanowskii, Spot-throated Hummingbird, LC, Sclater, 1879
  • Olivenkolibri, Leucippus chlorocercus, Olive-spotted Hummingbird, LC, Gould, 1866

Slekt Amazilia

  • Kvitbrystkolibri, Amazilia chionogaster, White-bellied Hummingbird, LC, Tschudi, 1845
  • Cuzcokolibri, Amazilia viridicauda, Green-and-white Hummingbird, LC, Berlepsch, 1883
  • Kastanjebukkolibri, Amazilia castaneiventris, Chestnut-bellied Hummingbird, EN, Gould, 1856
  • Amaziliakolibri, Amazilia amazilia, Amazilia Hummingbird, LC, Gould, 1860
  • Mayakolibri, Amazilia candida, White-bellied Emerald, LC, Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846
  • Honduraskolibri, Amazilia luciae, Honduran Emerald, EN, Lawrence, 1867
  • Svartnebbkolibri, Amazilia brevirostris, White-chested Emerald, LC, Lesson, 1829
  • Lysbukkolibri, Amazilia leucogaster, Plain-bellied Emerald, LC, Gmelin, 1788
  • Tupikolibri, Amazilia versicolor, Versicolored Emerald, LC, Vieillot, 1818
  • Andeskolibri, Amazilia franciae, Andean Emerald, LC, Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846
  • Glitterstrupekolibri, Amazilia fimbriata, Glittering-throated Emerald, LC, Gmelin, 1788
  • Fiolettstrupekolibri, Amazilia lactea, Sapphire-spangled Emerald, LC, Lesson, 1829
  • Blåbrystkolibri, Amazilia amabilis, Blue-chested Hummingbird, LC, Gould, 1853
  • Yndekolibri, Amazilia decora, Charming Hummingbird, LC, Salvin, 1891
  • Purpurbrystkolibri, Amazilia rosenbergi, Purple-chested Hummingbird, LC, Boucard, 1895
  • Mangrovekolibri, Amazilia boucardi, Mangrove Hummingbird, EN, Mulsant, 1877
  • Asurkronekolibri, Amazilia cyanocephala, Azure-crowned Hummingbird, LC, Lesson, 1829
  • Beryllkolibri, Amazilia beryllina, Berylline Hummingbird, LC, Lichtenstein, 1830
  • Blåhalekolibri, Amazilia cyanura, Blue-tailed Hummingbird, LC, Gould, 1859
  • Stålbukkolibri, Amazilia saucerrottei, Steely-vented Hummingbird, LC, DeLattre & Bourcier, 1846
  • Indigokronekolibri, Amazilia cyanifrons, Indigo-capped Hummingbird, LC, Bourcier, 1843
  • Snøbukkolibri, Amazilia edward, Snowy-bellied Hummingbird, LC, DeLattre & Bourcier, 1846
  • Grønbukkolibri, Amazilia viridigaster, Green-bellied Hummingbird, LC, Bourcier, 1843
  • Rusthalekolibri, Amazilia tzacatl, Rufous-tailed Hummingbird, LC, de la Llave, 1833
  • Yucatankolibri, Amazilia yucatanensis, Buff-bellied Hummingbird, LC, Cabot, 1845
  • Kanelkolibri, Amazilia rutila, Cinnamon Hummingbird, LC, DeLattre, 1842
  • Fioletthettekolibri, Amazilia violiceps, Violet-crowned Hummingbird, LC, Gould, 1859
  • Zapotekkolibri, Amazilia viridifrons, Green-fronted Hummingbird, LC, Elliot, 1871
  • Kopargumpkolibri, Amazilia tobaci, Copper-rumped Hummingbird, LC, Gmelin, 1788

Slekt Chrysuronia

Slekt Goethalsia

  • Pirrekolibri, Goethalsia bella, Pirre Hummingbird, NT, Nelson, 1912

Slekt Goldmania

Slekt Trochilus

Slekt Lepidopyga

  • Safirstrupekolibri, Lepidopyga coeruleogularis, Sapphire-throated Hummingbird, LC, Gould, 1851
  • Safirbukkolibri, Lepidopyga lilliae, Sapphire-bellied Hummingbird, CR, Stone, 1917
  • Grønglanskolibri, Lepidopyga goudoti, Shining-green Hummingbird, LC, Bourcier, 1843

Slekt Damophila

Slekt Hylocharis

  • Safirpannekolibri, Hylocharis humboldtii, Humboldt's Sapphire, LC, Bourcier & Mulsant, 1852
  • Gullhalekolibri, Hylocharis eliciae, Blue-throated Goldentail, LC, Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846
  • Raudhakekolibri, Hylocharis sapphirina, Rufous-throated Sapphire, LC, Gmelin, 1788
  • Kvithakekolibri, Hylocharis cyanus, White-chinned Sapphire, LC, Vieillot, 1818
  • Gyllenkolibri, Hylocharis chrysura, Gilded Hummingbird, LC, Shaw, 1812
  • Blåhettekolibri, Hylocharis grayi, Blue-headed Sapphire, NR, DeLattre & Bourcier, 1846
  • Kvitøyrekolibri, Hylocharis leucotis, White-eared Hummingbird, LC, Vieillot, 1818
  • Bajakolibri, Hylocharis xantusii, Xantus's Hummingbird, LC, Lawrence, 1860

Kjelder[endre | endre wikiteksten]

Referansar[endre | endre wikiteksten]

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson (august 2014) (CSV), The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9, Cornell Lab of Ornithology, http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/2014-overview/, henta 15. november 2014 
  2. Syvertsen, P. O., Ree, V., Hansen, O. B., Syvertsen, Ø., Bergan, M., Kvam, H., Viker, M. & Axelsen, T. 2008. Virksomheten til Norsk navnekomité for fugl (NNKF) 1990-2008. Norske navn på verdens fugler. Norsk Ornitologisk Forening sin nettstad (publisert 22.5.2008)
  3. Del Hoyo, J.; N. J., Collar, BirdLife International, ed (2014). HBW and BirdLife International illustrated checklist of the birds of the world. Band 1. Barcelona: Lynx edicions. ISBN 9788496553941.