Abu al-Qasim

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Abu al-Qasim
Abū al-Qāsim Khalaf ibn al-‘Abbās al-Zahrāwī al-Ansari[1] أبو القاسم خلف بن العباس الزهراوي
Albucasis.gif
Fødd936
Medina Azahara
Død1013
Córdoba i Spania
NasjonalitetCórdoba-kalifatet
Områdemedisin
Yrkekirurg, anatom, farmasøyt, filosof

Abu al-Qasim Khalaf ibn al-Abbas Al-Zahrawi (9361013), vanlegvis kjend som Al-Zahrawi eller i Vesten tradisjonelt som Abulcasis, var ein lækjar frå Córdoba i Spania. Han vart sett på som den største kirurgen i mellomalderen,[2] og er omtalt som opphavsmannen til moderne kirurgi.[3][4][5]

Måleri av Albucasis (al-Zahwari) med ein pasient.
Illustrasjon av Albucasis frå ein kopi av Tacuinum Sanitatis

Tekstane hans danna grunnlaget for kirurgiske prosedyrar heilt fram til renessansen. Det største bidraget hans til legevitskapen er det medisinske oppslagsverket Kitab al-Tasrif på tretti band.[6]

Kjelder[endre | endre wikiteksten]

  1. Hamarneh, Sami Khalaf; Sonnedecker, Glenn Allen (1963). A Pharmaceutical View of Abulcasis Al-Zahrāwī in Moorish Spain: With Special Reference to the "Adhān,". Brill Archive. p. 15.
    • Meri, Josef W. (2005). Medieval Islamic Civilization: An Encyclopedia. Routledge. s. 783."The greatest surgeon of the medieval ages was Abu'l-Qasim az Zahrawi (d. 1010), a most important representative of the Andalusian school."
    • Weinberg, Steven (2015). To Explain the World: The Discovery of Modern Science. Penguin Books Limited."al-Zahrawi (Abulcasis) was born in 936 near Cَrdoba, the metropolis of Andalusia, and worked there until his death in 1013. He was the greatest surgeon of the Middle Ages, and highly influential in Christian Europe."
    • Gerli, E. Michael (2017). Routledge Revivals: Medieval Iberia (2003): An Encyclopedia. Routledge. p. 12."Book 30, on surgery, was translated in the twelfth century by Gerard of Cremona (Liber Alsahravi de cirurgia) and it established the reputation of Abulcasis as the greatest surgeon of the Middle Ages."
  2. Krebs, Robert E. (2004). Groundbreaking Scientific Experiments, Inventions, and Discoveries of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 95." Al-Zahrawi (930 or 963-1013 C.e.), also known as Abu-Al Quasim Khalaf ibn'Abbas al-Zahrawi, was a court physician. He was known for his practice of surgery as well as medicine. Sometimes referred to as the "father of surgery,""
  3. Estreicher, Stefan K. (2006). Wine: From Neolithic Times to the 21st Century. Algora Publishing. s. 46. "Al-Zahrawi (936-1013), better known as Albucasis, writes a 30-volume medical encyclopedia and designs modern-looking surgical instruments. Many consider him the father of surgery."
  4. Ahmad, Z. (St Thomas' Hospital) (2007), «Al-Zahrawi - The Father of Surgery», ANZ Journal of Surgery 77 (Suppl. 1): A83, doi:10.1111/j.1445-2197.2007.04130_8.x 
  5. al-Zahrāwī, Abū al-Qāsim Khalaf ibn ʻAbbās; Studies, Gustave E. von Grunebaum Center for Near Eastern (1973). Albucasis on surgery and instruments. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-01532-6. Henta 16 May 2011. 
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