Bladsongarar

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Bladsongarar


Bøksongar, Phylloscopus sibilatrixFoto:  Steve Garvie
Bøksongar, Phylloscopus sibilatrix
Foto: Steve Garvie
Systematikk
Rike: Animalia
Rekkje: Chordata
Klasse: Aves
Orden: Passeriformes
Familie: Phylloscopidae
Slekt: Phylloscopus
Artar
  • Sjå teksten
Vitskapleg namn
Phylloscopus
F. Boie, 1826

Bladsongarer er ca. 55 små insektetande fugleartar som utgjer den biologiske slekta Phylloscopus. Utbreiingsområdet er Afrika, Asia og Europa. Dessutan hekkar arten lappsongar i Alaska i tillegg til i Eurasia. Kjente bladsongarar i Noreg er lauvsongar, gransongar og bøksongar.

Bladsongarar er aktive, i konstant rørsle, og aldri langt frå tre, normalt i ganske ope skogsterreng heller enn i tette plantasjar. Dei lever i alle område av trea frå toppen av trekrona ned til underskogen. Dei fleste av artane er markert territoriale både sommar og vinter. Dei fleste er grønlege eller brunaktige på oversida og lyst grå eller gulaktig nedanfor. Artar som hekkar i tempererte område er vanlegvis sterke trekkfuglar.

Samansettinga av artar gjer Phylloscopus polyfyletisk med omsyn til Seicercus. Derfor kan ein vente at fleire artar blir flytta ut frå denne slekta. Slekta var tidlegare plassert i oppsamlingstaksonet songarfamilien, men er no flytta inn i ein ny familie Phylloscopidae, (Alström et al. 2006) med norsk namn bladsongarfamilien.

Artslista[endre | endre wikiteksten]

Bladsongarar i rekkjefølgje etter eBird/Clements Checklist v2017[1] med norske namn etter Norske navn på verdens fugler:[2]

  • Tutsisongar, Phylloscopus laetus, Red-faced Woodland-Warbler, Sharpe, 1902, (LC)
  • Shabasongar, Phylloscopus laurae, Laura's Woodland-Warbler, Boulton, 1931, (LC)
  • Gulstrupesongar, Phylloscopus ruficapilla, Yellow-throated Woodland-Warbler, Sundevall, 1850, (LC)
  • Budongosongar, Phylloscopus budongoensis, Uganda Woodland-Warbler, Seth-Smith, 1907, (LC)
  • Umbrasongar, Phylloscopus umbrovirens, Brown Woodland-Warbler, Rüppell, 1840, (LC)
  • Svartkronesongar, Phylloscopus herberti, Black-capped Woodland-Warbler, Alexander, 1903, (LC)
  • Lauvsongar, Phylloscopus trochilus, Willow Warbler, Linné, 1758, (LC)
  • Gransongar, Phylloscopus collybita, Common Chiffchaff, Vieillot, 1817, (LC)
  • Kanarigransongar, Phylloscopus canariensis, Canary Islands Chiffchaff, Hartwig, 1886, (LC)
  • Iberiagransongar, Phylloscopus ibericus, Iberian Chiffchaff, Ticehurst, 1937, (LC)
  • Fjellgransongar, Phylloscopus sindianus, Mountain Chiffchaff, Brooks, 1879, (LC)
  • Persersongar, Phylloscopus neglectus, Plain Leaf Warbler, Hume, 1870, (LC)
  • Eikesongar, Phylloscopus bonelli, Western Bonelli's Warbler, Vieillot, 1819, (LC)
  • Furusongar, Phylloscopus orientalis, Eastern Bonelli's Warbler, Brehm, 1855, (LC)
  • Bøksongar, Phylloscopus sibilatrix, Wood Warbler, Bechstein, 1793, (LC)
  • Brunsongar, Phylloscopus fuscatus, Dusky Warbler, Blyth, 1842, (LC)
  • Sotsongar, Phylloscopus fuligiventer, Smoky Warbler, Hodgson, 1845, (LC)
  • Skrentsongar, Phylloscopus affinis, Tickell's Leaf Warbler, Tickell, 1833, (LC)
  • Lisongar, Phylloscopus subaffinis, Buff-throated Warbler, Ogilvie-Grant, 1900, (LC)
  • Steinsongar, Phylloscopus griseolus, Sulphur-bellied Warbler, Blyth, 1847, (LC)
  • Qinghaisongar, Phylloscopus occisinensis, Alpine Leaf Warbler, Martens, Yue-Hua & Packert, 2008, (UR)
  • Gulstreksongar, Phylloscopus armandii, Yellow-streaked Warbler, Milne-Edwards, 1865, (LC)
  • Viersongar, Phylloscopus schwarzi, Radde's Warbler, Radde, 1863, (LC)
  • Rododendronsongar, Phylloscopus pulcher, Buff-barred Warbler, Blyth, 1845, (LC)
  • Gråstrupesongar, Phylloscopus maculipennis, Ashy-throated Warbler, Blyth, 1867, (LC)
  • Fuglekongesongar, Phylloscopus proregulus, Pallas's Leaf Warbler, Pallas, 1811, (LC)
  • Gansusongar, Phylloscopus kansuensis, Gansu Leaf Warbler, Meise, 1933, (LC)
  • Bleikgumpsongar, Phylloscopus chloronotus, Pale-rumped Warbler, Gray & Gray, 1846, (LC)
  • Sichuansongar, Phylloscopus forresti, Sichuan Leaf Warbler, Rothschild, 1921, (LC)
  • Mandarinsongar, Phylloscopus yunnanensis, Chinese Leaf Warbler, Alström, Olsson & Colston, 1992, (LC)
  • Hindukushsongar, Phylloscopus subviridis, Brooks's Leaf Warbler, Brooks, 1872, (LC)
  • Gulbrynsongar, Phylloscopus inornatus, Yellow-browed Warbler, Blyth, 1842, (LC)
  • Bleikbrynsongar, Phylloscopus humei, Hume's Warbler, Brooks, 1878, (LC)
  • Lappsongar, Phylloscopus borealis, Arctic Warbler, Blasius, 1858, (LC)
  • Kamtsjatkasongar, Phylloscopus examinandus, Kamchatka Leaf WarblerStresemann, 1913
  • Honshusongar, Phylloscopus xanthodryas, Japanese Leaf WarblerSwinhoe, 1863
  • Einersongar, Phylloscopus nitidus, Green Warbler, Blyth, 1843, (LC)
  • Austsongar, Phylloscopus trochiloides, Greenish Warbler, Sundevall, 1837, (LC)
  • Ospesongar, Phylloscopus plumbeitarsus, Two-barred WarblerSwinhoe, 1861
  • Ussurisongar, Phylloscopus tenellipes, Pale-legged Leaf Warbler, Swinhoe, 1860, (LC)
  • Ainosongar, Phylloscopus borealoides, Sakhalin Leaf Warbler, Portenko, 1950, (LC)
  • Glennesongar, Phylloscopus magnirostris, Large-billed Leaf Warbler, Blyth, 1843, (LC)
  • Kashmirsongar, Phylloscopus tytleri, Tytler's Leaf Warbler, Brooks, 1872, (NT)
  • Vestkronsongar, Phylloscopus occipitalis, Western Crowned Warbler, Blyth, 1845, (LC)
  • Austkronsongar, Phylloscopus coronatus, Eastern Crowned Warbler, Temminck & Schlegel, 1847, (LC)
  • Izusongar, Phylloscopus ijimae, Ijima's Leaf Warbler, Stejneger, 1882, (VU)
  • Gulbandsongar, Phylloscopus reguloides, Blyth's Leaf Warbler, Blyth, 1842, (LC)
  • Hansongar, Phylloscopus claudiae, Claudia's Leaf Warbler, La Touche, 1922, (LC)
  • Zhuangsongar, Phylloscopus goodsoni, Hartert's Leaf Warbler, E. Hartert, 1910, (LC)
  • Hainansongar, Phylloscopus hainanus, Hainan Leaf Warbler, Olsson, Alström & Colston, 1993, (VU)
  • Emeisongar, Phylloscopus emeiensis, Emei Leaf Warbler, Alström & Olsson, 1995, (LC)
  • Brokhalesongar, Phylloscopus davisoni, Davison's Leaf Warbler, Oates, 1889, (LC)
  • Tonkinsongar, Phylloscopus ogilviegranti, Kloss's Leaf Warbler, La Touche, 1922, (LC)
  • Karstsongar, Phylloscopus calciatilis, Limestone Leaf Warbler, Alström et al., 2010, (LC)
  • Burmasongar, Phylloscopus cantator, Yellow-vented Warbler, Tickell, 1833, (LC)
  • Svovelsongar, Phylloscopus ricketti, Sulphur-breasted Warbler, Slater, 1897, (LC)
  • Sitronstrupesongar, Phylloscopus cebuensis, Lemon-throated Leaf Warbler, Dubois, 1900, (LC)
  • Bergsongar, Phylloscopus trivirgatus, Mountain Leaf Warbler, Strickland, 1849, (LC)
  • Sulawesisongar, Phylloscopus sarasinorum, Sulawesi Leaf Warbler, Meyer & Wiglesworth, 1896, (LC)
  • Timorsongar, Phylloscopus presbytes, Timor Leaf Warbler, Blyth, 1870, (LC)
  • Papuasongar, Phylloscopus maforensis, Island Leaf Warbler, Salvadori, 1876, (LC)
  • Filippinarsongar, Phylloscopus olivaceus, Philippine Leaf Warbler, Moseley, 1891, (LC)
  • Makirasongar, Phylloscopus makirensis, Makira Leaf Warbler, Mayr, 1935, (LC)
  • Kulambangrasongar, Phylloscopus amoenus, Kolombangra Leaf Warbler, Hartert, 1929, (VU)
  • Gråkappesongar, Phylloscopus xanthoschistos, Gray-hooded Warbler, Gray, 1846, (LC)

Kjelder[endre | endre wikiteksten]

  • Alström, Per; Ericson, Per G.P.; Olsson, Urban & Sundberg, Per (2006) Phylogeny and classification of the avian superfamily Sylvioidea. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 38(2): 381–397. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2005.05.015
  • Badyaev Alexander V. & Leaf, Elizabeth S. (1997) Habitat associations of song characteristics in Phylloscopus and Hippolais warblers. Auk 114(1): 40-46. PDF fulltext

Referansar[endre | endre wikiteksten]

  1. Schulenberg T. S., M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, T. A. Fredericks, og D. Roberson (august 2017) (CSV), eBird/Clements Checklist v2017, Cornell Lab of Ornithology, http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/updates-corrections-august-2017/, henta 1. oktober 2017 
  2. Syvertsen, P. O., Ree, V., Hansen, O. B., Syvertsen, Ø., Bergan, M., Kvam, H., Viker, M. & Axelsen, T. 2008. Virksomheten til Norsk navnekomité for fugl (NNKF) 1990-2008. Norske navn på verdens fugler. med oppdateringar i 2017. Norsk Ornitologisk Forening sin nettstad (publisert 21.12.2017)