Glattnasefamilien

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Glattnasefamilien
Plecotus macrobullaris
Plecotus macrobullaris
Systematikk
Rike: Dyr Animalia
Rekkje: Ryggstrengdyr Chordata
Underrekkje: Virveldyr Vertebrata
Klasse: Pattedyr Mammalia
Infraklasse: Placentale pattedyr Eutheria
Orden: Flaggermus Chiroptera
Underorden: Småflaggermus Microchiroptera
Familie: Glattnasefamilien Vespertilionidae

Glattnasefamilien (Vespertilionidae) er ein familie av småflaggermus. Nesten alle artane et insekt; unntaka er nokre flaggermus i Myotis- og Pizonyx-familien som fangar fisk. Dessutan har dei større Nyctalus-artane vorte kjend for å fange spurvefuglar i flukt nokon gonger. Alle flaggermus som lever i Noreg høyrer til denne familien. Det er over 300 artar i familien.

Molekylær forsking viser at Vespertilionidae skilde seg frå Molossidae, ein anna flaggermusfamilie, tidleg i eocen.[1] Ein rekner med at familien oppstod ein stad i Laurasia, moglegvis Nord-Amerika.[2] A Ein nyleg utdøydd art, Synemporion keana, er kjend frå holocenHawaii.[3]

Skildring og levesett[endre | endre wikiteksten]

Illustradjon av Myotis formosus

Flaggermus i famillien kan ha lengd frå 3 til 13 cm om ein ser vekk frå halen, som er ganske lang hjå dei fleste artane. Dei har som regel brune eller svarte farge, men nokre av dei har pels som er sterkare farga raud, oransje eller gul. Mange har kvite flekkar eller striper.[4]

Nesten alle glattnaseflaggermus er insektetarar, bortsett frå nokre Myotis- og Pizonyx-artar som et fisk og større Nyctalus-artar som av og til fangar små sporvefuglar. Dei fleste artane bur i holer, men nokre kan også bruka hole tre, bergsprekker, dyrehi eller andre skjul. Nokre flaggermus kviler åleine og andre i koloniar som kan omfatta opptil ein million individ.

Artar frå tempererte klima ligg ofte i dvale om vinteren, medan ein del tropiske artar estiverer (går i tørkedvale).[4]

Artar[endre | endre wikiteksten]

Trollflaggermus Pipistrellus nathusii
Dvergflaggermus Pipistrellus pygmaeus

Artar i glattnasefamilien i Noreg[endre | endre wikiteksten]

Alle artar[endre | endre wikiteksten]

Familien Vespertillionidae

  • Underfamilien Vespertilioninae
    • Stamme Eptesicini
      • Slekt Arielulus
        • Arielulus aureocollaris (Collared Pipistrelle)
        • Arielulus circumdatus (Black-gilded Pipistrelle)
        • Arielulus cuprosus (Coppery Pipistrelle)
        • Arielulus societatis (Social Pipistrelle)
        • Arielulus torquatus (Necklace Pipistrelle)
      • Slekt Eptesicus (House bats)
        • Eptesicus andinus (Little black serotine)
        • Eptesicus bobrinskoi (Bobrinski's Serotine)
        • Eptesicus bottae (Botta's Serotine)
        • Eptesicus brasiliensis (Brazilian Brown Bat)
        • Eptesicus chiriquinus (Chiriquinan Serotine)
        • Eptesicus diminutus (Diminutive Serotine)
        • Eptesicus dimissus (Surat Serotine)
        • Eptesicus floweri (Horn-skinned Bat)
        • Eptesicus furinalis (Argentine Brown Bat)
        • Eptesicus fuscus (Big brown bat)
        • Eptesicus gobiensis (Gobi Big Brown Bat)
        • Eptesicus guadeloupensis (Guadeloupe Big Brown Bat)
        • Eptesicus hottentotus (Long-tailed House Bat)
        • Eptesicus innoxius (Harmless Serotine)
        • Eptesicus japonensis (Japanese Short-tailed Bat)
        • Eptesicus kobayashii (Kobayashi's Bat)
        • Eptesicus lobatus
        • Eptesicus lynni (Jamaican Serotine)
        • Eptesicus nasutus (Sind Bat)
        • Eptesicus nilssonii (Northern Bat)
        • Eptesicus pachyotis (Thick-eared Bat)
        • Eptesicus platyops (Lagos Serotine)
        • Eptesicus serotinus (Serotine bat)
        • Eptesicus taddeii (Taddei's Bat)
        • Eptesicus tatei (Sombre Bat)
      • Slekt Hesperoptenus – False serotine bats
        • Hesperoptenus blanfordi (Blanford's Bat)
        • Hesperoptenus doriae (False Serotine Bat)
        • Hesperoptenus gaskelli (Gaskell's False Serotine)
        • Hesperoptenus tickelli (Tickell's Bat)
        • Hesperoptenus tomesi (Large False Serotine)
    • Stamme Lasiurini
      • Slekt Lasiurus – Hairy-tailed bats
        • Subslekt Dasypterus
          • Lasiurus ega (Southern Yellow Bat)
          • Lasiurus intermedius (Northern Yellow Bat)
          • Lasiurus insularis (Cuban Yellow Bat)
          • Lasiurus xanthinus (Western Yellow Bat)
        • Subslekt Lasiurus
          • Lasiurus atratus (Greater Red Bat)
          • Lasiurus blossevillii (Desert Red Bat)
          • Lasiurus borealis (Eastern Red Bat)
          • Lasiurus brachyotis (Galapagos Red Bat)
          • Lasiurus castaneus (Tacarcuna Bat)
          • Lasiurus cinereus (Hoary Bat)
          • Lasiurus degelidus (Jamaican Red Bat)
          • Lasiurus ebenus (Hairy-tailed Bat)
          • Lasiurus egregius (Big Red Bat)
          • Lasiurus minor (Minor Red Bat)
          • Lasiurus pfeifferi (Pfeiffer's Red Bat)
          • Lasiurus salinae (Salinas Red Bat)
          • Lasiurus seminolus (Seminole Bat)
          • Lasiurus varius (Cinnamon Red Bat)
    • Stamme Nycticeiini
      • Slekt Nycticeinops
        • Nycticeinops schlieffeni (Schlieffen's Bat)
      • Slekt Nycticeius (Evening bats)
        • Nycticeius aenobarbus (Temminck’s Mysterious Bat)
        • Nycticeius cubanus (Cuban Night Bat)
        • Nycticeius humeralis (Evening Bat)
      • Slekt Rhogeessa (Rhogeessa bats)
        • Rhogeessa aeneus (Yucatan Yellow Bat)
        • Rhogeessa alleni (Allen's Yellow Bat)
        • Rhogeessa genowaysi (Genoways's Yellow Bat)
        • Rhogeessa gracilis (Slender Yellow Bat)
        • Rhogeessa hussoni (Husson's Yellow Bat)
        • Rhogeessa io (Thomas's Yellow Bat)
        • Rhogeessa minutilla (Tiny Yellow Bat)
        • Rhogeessa mira (Least Yellow Bat)
        • Rhogeessa parvula (Little Yellow Bat)
        • Rhogeessa tumida (Black-winged Little Yellow Bat)
        • Rhogeessa velilla
      • Slekt Scoteanax
        • Scoteanax rueppellii (Rüppell's Broad-nosed Bat)
      • Slekt Scotoecus (House bats)
        • Scotoecus albigula (White-bellied Lesser House Bat)
        • Scotoecus albofuscus (Light-winged Lesser House Bat)
        • Scotoecus hindei (Hinde's Lesser House Bat)
        • Scotoecus hirundo (Dark-winged Lesser House Bat)
        • Scotoecus pallidus (Desert Yellow Bat)
      • Slekt Scotomanes
        • Scotomanes ornatus (Harlequin Bat)
      • Slekt Scotophilus (Yellow bats)
        • Scotophilus borbonicus (Lesser Yellow Bat)
        • Scotophilus celebensis (Sulawesi Yellow Bat)
        • Scotophilus collinus (Sody's Yellow Bat)
        • Scotophilus dinganii (African Yellow Bat)
        • Scotophilus heathi (Greater Asiatic Yellow Bat)
        • Scotophilus kuhlii (Lesser Asiatic Yellow Bat)
        • Scotophilus leucogaster (White-bellied Yellow Bat)
        • Scotophilus marovaza (Marovaza House Bat)
        • Scotophilus mhlanganii
        • Scotophilus nigrita (Schreber's Yellow Bat)
        • Scotophilus nucella (Robbins's Yellow Bat)
        • Scotophilus nux (Nut-colored Yellow Bat)
        • Scotophilus robustus (Robust Yellow Bat)
        • Scotophilus viridis (Greenish Yellow Bat)
        • Scotophilus tandrefana
      • Slekt Scotorepens (Lesser Broad-nosed bats)
        • Scotorepens balstoni (Western Broad-nosed Bat)
        • Scotorepens greyii (Little Broad-nosed Bat)
        • Scotorepens orion (Orion Broad-nosed Bat)
        • Scotorepens sanborni (Northern Broad-nosed Bat)
    • Stamme Nyctophilini
      • Slekt Nyctophilus (New Guinean and Australian Big-eared bats)
        • Nyctophilus arnhemensis(Northern Long-eared Bat)
        • Nyctophilus bifax (Eastern Long-eared Bat)
        • Nyctophilus corbeni
        • Nyctophilus daedalus (Pallid Long-eared Bat)
        • Nyctophilus geoffroyi (Lesser Long-eared Bat)
        • Nyctophilus gouldi (Gould's Long-eared Bat)
        • Nyctophilus heran (Sunda Long-eared Bat)
        • Nyctophilus howensis (Lord Howe Long-eared Bat)
        • Nyctophilus major
        • Nyctophilus microdon (Small-toothed Long-eared Bat)
        • Nyctophilus microtis (New Guinea Long-eared Bat)
        • Nyctophilus nebulosus (New Caledonian Long-eared Bat)
        • Nyctophilus timoriensis (Greater Long-eared Bat)
        • Nyctophilus sherrini (Tasmanian Long-eared Bat)
        • Nyctophilus shirleyae (Mt. Missim Long-eared Bat)
        • Nyctophilus walkeri (Pygmy Long-eared Bat)
      • Slekt Pharotis
        • Pharotis imogene (New Guinea big-eared bat)
    • Stamme Pipistrellini
      • Slekt Glischropus (Thick-thumbed bats)
        • Glischropus javanus (Javan Thick-thumbed Bat)
        • Glischropus tylopus (Common Thick-thumbed Bat)
      • Slekt Nyctalus – Noctule bats
        • Nyctalus aviator (Birdlike Noctule)
        • Nyctalus azoreum (Azores Noctule)
        • Nyctalus furvus (Japanese Noctule)
        • Nyctalus lasiopterus (Greater Noctule Bat)
        • Nyctalus leisleri (Lesser Noctule)
        • Nyctalus montanus (Mountain Noctule)
        • Nyctalus noctula (Common Noctule)
        • Nyctalus plancyi (Chinese Noctule)
      • Slekt Parastrellus
        • Parastrellus hesperus (Western Pipistrelle)
      • Slekt Perimyotis
        • Perimyotis subflavus (Eastern Pipistrelle)
      • Slekt Pipistrellus (Pipistrelle bats)
        • Pipistrellus abramus (Japanese Pipistrelle)
        • Pipistrellus adamsi (Adams's Pipistrelle)
        • Pipistrellus aero (Mt. Gargues Pipistrelle)
        • Pipistrellus angulatus (Angulate Pipistrelle)
        • Pipistrellus ceylonicus (Kelaart's Pipistrelle)
        • Pipistrellus collinus (Greater Papuan Pipistrelle)
        • Pipistrellus coromandra (Indian Pipistrelle)
        • Pipistrellus deserti (Egyptian Pipistrelle)
        • Pipistrellus endoi (Endo's Pipistrelle)
        • Pipistrellus grandidieri (Grandidier's Pipistrelle)
        • Pipistrellus hanaki (Hanaki's Dwarf Bat)
        • Pipistrellus hesperidus (Dusky Pipistrelle)
        • Pipistrellus inexspectatus (Aellen's Pipistrelle)
        • Pipistrellus javanicus (Java Pipistrelle)
        • Pipistrellus kuhlii (Kuhl's Pipistrelle)
        • Pipistrellus maderensis (Madeira Pipistrelle)
        • Pipistrellus minahassae (Minahassa Pipistrelle)
        • Pipistrellus murrayi (Christmas Island Pipistrelle)
        • Pipistrellus nanulus (Tiny Pipistrelle)
        • Pipistrellus nathusii (Nathusius's Pipistrelle)
        • Pipistrellus papuanus (Lesser Papuan Pipistrelle)
        • Pipistrellus paterculus (Mount Popa Pipistrelle)
        • Pipistrellus permixtus (Dar-Es-Salaam Pipistrelle)
        • Pipistrellus pipistrellus (Common Pipistrelle)
        • Pipistrellus pygmaeus (Soprano Pipistrelle)
        • Pipistrellus raceyi (Racey's Pipistrelle)
        • Pipistrellus rueppellii (Rüppell's Pipistrelle)
        • Pipistrellus rusticus (Rusty Pipistrelle)
        • Pipistrellus stenopterus (Narrow-winged Pipistrelle)
        • Pipistrellus sturdeei (Sturdee's Pipistrelle)
        • Pipistrellus tenuis (Least Pipistrelle)
        • Pipistrellus wattsi (Watts's Pipistrelle)
        • Pipistrellus westralis (Koopman's Pipistrelle)
      • Slekt Scotozous
        • Scotozous dormeri (Dormer's Bat)
    • Stamme Plecotini
      • Slekt Barbastella
        • Barbastella barbastellus (Western Barbastelle)
        • Barbastella beijingensis (Beijing Barbastelle)
        • Barbastella darjelingensis
        • Barbastella leucomelas (Asian Barbastelle)
      • Slekt Corynorhinus (American Lump-nosed bats)
        • Corynorhinus rafinesquii (Rafinesque's Big-eared Bat)
        • Corynorhinus mexicanus (Mexican Big-eared Bat)
        • Corynorhinus townsendii (Townsend's Big-Eared Bat)
      • Slekt Euderma
        • Euderma maculatum (Spotted bat)
      • Slekt Idionycteris
        • Idionycteris phyllotis (Allen's Big-Eared Bat)
      • Slekt Otonycteris
        • Otonycteris hemprichii (Desert long-eared bat)
        • Otonycteris leucophaea
      • Slekt Plecotus (Lump-nosed bats)
        • Plecotus ariel
        • Plecotus auritus (Brown Long-eared Bat)
        • Plecotus austriacus (Grey Long-eared Bat)
        • Plecotus balensis (Ethiopian Big-eared Bat)
        • Plecotus begognae
        • Plecotus christiei (Christi's Big-eared Bat)
        • Plecotus gaisleri
        • Plecotus homochrous
        • Plecotus kolombatovici (Mediterranean Long-eared Bat)
        • Plecotus kozlovi
        • Plecotus macrobullaris (Alpine Long-Eared Bat)
        • Plecotus ognevi
        • Plecotus sacrimontis
        • Plecotus sardus (Sardinian Long-eared Bat)
        • Plecotus strelkovi (Strelkov's Big-eared Bat)
        • Plecotus taivanus (Taiwan Big-eared Bat)
        • Plecotus teneriffae (Canary Big-eared Bat)
        • Plecotus turkmenicus
        • Plecotus wardi
    • Stamme Vespertilionini
      • Slekt Chalinolobus (Wattled bats)
        • Chalinolobus dwyeri (Large-eared Pied Bat)
        • Chalinolobus gouldii (Gould's Wattled Bat)
        • Chalinolobus morio (Chocolate Wattled Bat)
        • Chalinolobus neocaledonicus (New Caledonia Wattled Bat)
        • Chalinolobus nigrogriseus (Hoary Wattled Bat)
        • Chalinolobus picatus (Little Pied Bat)
        • Chalinolobus tuberculatus (New Zealand Long-tailed Bat)
      • Slekt Eudiscopus
        • Eudiscopus denticulus (Disk-footed Bat)
      • Slekt Falsistrellus
        • Falsistrellus affinis (Chocolate Pipistrelle)
        • Falsistrellus mackenziei (Western False Pipistrelle)
        • Falsistrellus mordax (Pungent Pipistrelle)
        • Falsistrellus petersi (Peters's Pipistrelle)
        • Falsistrellus tasmaniensis (Eastern False Pipistrelle)
      • Slekt Glauconycteris (Butterfly bats)
        • Glauconycteris alboguttata (Allen's Striped Bat)
        • Glauconycteris argentata (Silvered Bat)
        • Glauconycteris beatrix (Beatrix's Bat)
        • Glauconycteris curryae (Curry's Bat)
        • Glauconycteris egeria (Bibundi Bat)
        • Glauconycteris gleni (Glen's Wattled Bat)
        • Glauconycteris humeralis (Allen's Spotted Bat)
        • Glauconycteris kenyacola (Kenyan Wattled Bat)
        • Glauconycteris machadoi (Machado's Butterfly Bat)
        • Glauconycteris poensis (Abo Bat)
        • Glauconycteris superba (Pied Bat)
        • Glauconycteris variegata (Variegated butterfly bat)
      • Slekt Histiotus (Big-eared Brown bats)
        • Histiotus alienus (Strange Big-eared Brown Bat)
        • Histiotus humboldti (Humboldt Big-eared Brown Bat)
        • Histiotus laephotis (Thomas's Big-eared Brown Bat)
        • Histiotus macrotus (Big-eared Brown Bat)
        • Histiotus magellanicus (Southern Big-eared Brown Bat)
        • Histiotus montanus (Small Big-eared Brown Bat)
        • Histiotus velatus (Tropical Big-eared Brown Bat)
      • Slekt Hypsugo (Asian pipistrelles)
        • Hypsugo alaschanicus (Alashanian Pipistrelle)
        • Hypsugo anchietae (Anchieta's Pipistrelle)
        • Hypsugo anthonyi (Anthony's Pipistrelle)
        • Hypsugo arabicus (Arabian Pipistrelle)
        • Hypsugo ariel (Desert Pipistrelle)
        • Hypsugo bodenheimeri (Bodenheimer's Pipistrelle)
        • Hypsugo cadornae (Cadorna's Pipistrelle)
        • Hypsugo crassulus (Broad-headed Pipistrelle)
        • Hypsugo eisentrauti (Eisentraut's Pipistrelle)
        • Hypsugo imbricatus (Brown Pipistrelle)
        • Hypsugo joffrei (Joffre's Pipistrelle)
        • Hypsugo kitcheneri (Red-brown Pipistrelle)
        • Hypsugo lophurus (Burma Pipistrelle)
        • Hypsugo macrotis (Big-eared Pipistrelle)
        • Hypsugo musciculus (Mouselike Pipistrelle)
        • Hypsugo pulveratus (Chinese Pipistrelle)
        • Hypsugo savii (Savi's Pipistrelle)
        • Hypsugo vordermanni(Vordermann's Pipistrelle)
      • Slekt Ia
        • Ia io (Great Evening Bat)
      • Slekt Laephotis (Long-eared bats)
        • Laephotis angolensis (Angolan Long-eared Bats)
        • Laephotis botswanae (Botswanan Long-eared Bat)
        • Laephotis namibensis (Namib Long-eared Bat)
        • Laephotis wintoni (De Winton's Long-eared Bat)
      • Slekt Mimetillus
        • Mimetillus moloneyi (Moloney's Mimic Bat)
      • Slekt Neoromicia
        • Neoromicia brunneus (Dark-Brown Serotine)
        • Neoromicia capensis (Cape Serotine)
        • Neoromicia flavescens (Yellow Serotine)
        • Neoromicia guineensis (Tiny Serotine)
        • Neoromicia helios (Heller's Pipistrelle)
        • Neoromicia malagasyensis (Isalo Serotine)
        • Neoromicia matroka (Malagasy Serotine)
        • Neoromicia melckorum (Melck's House Bat)
        • Neoromicia nanus (Banana Pipistrelle)
        • Neoromicia rendalli (Rendall's Serotine)
        • Neoromicia robertsi
        • Neoromicia somalicus (Somali Serotine)
        • Neoromicia tenuipinnis (White-Winged Serotine)
        • Neoromicia zuluensis (Aloe Serotine)
      • Slekt Philetor
        • Philetor brachypterus (Rohu's Bat)
      • Slekt Tylonycteris (Bamboo bats)
        • Tylonycteris pachypus (Lesser Bamboo Bat)
        • Tylonycteris pygmaeus (Pygmy Bamboo Bat)
        • Tylonycteris robustula (Greater Bamboo Bat)
      • Slekt Vespadelus
        • Vespadelus baverstocki (Inland Forest Bat)
        • Vespadelus caurinus (Northern Cave Bat)
        • Vespadelus darlingtoni (Large Forest Bat)
        • Vespadelus douglasorum (Yellow-Lipped Bat)
        • Vespadelus finlaysoni (Finlayson's Cave Bat)
        • Vespadelus pumilus (Eastern Forest Bat)
        • Vespadelus regulus (Southern Forest Bat)
        • Vespadelus troughtoni (Troughton's Forest Bat)
        • Vespadelus vulturnus (Little Forest Bat)
      • Slekt Vespertilio (Frosted bats)
        • Vespertilio murinus (Parti-coloured bat)
        • Vespertilio sinensis (Asian Parti-colored Bat)
  • Underfamilien Murininae
    • Slekt Harpiocephalus (Hairy-winged bats)
      • Harpiocephalus harpia (Lesser Hairy-winged Bat)
      • Harpiocephalus mordax (Greater Hairy-winged Bat)
    • Slekt Harpiola
      • Harpiola (Murina) grisea (Peter's Tube-nosed Bat)
      • Harpiola isodon (Formosan Golden Tube-nosed Bat)
    • Slekt Murina (Tube-nosed Insectivorous bats)
      • Murina aenea (Bronze Tube-nosed Bat)
      • Murina aurata (Little Tube-Nosed Bat)
      • Murina bicolor
      • Murina cyclotis (Round-eared Tube-nosed Bat)
      • Murina eleryi (Eleryi's Tube-nosed Bat)
      • Murina florium (Flute-nosed Bat)
      • Murina fusca (Dusky Tube-nosed Bat)
      • Murina gracilis
      • Murina harpioloides
      • Murina harrisoni (Harrison's Tube-Nosed Bat)
      • Murina hilgendorfi (Hilgendorf's Tube-nosed Bat)
      • Murina huttoni (Hutton's Tube-nosed Bat)
      • Murina leucogaster (Greater Tube-Nosed Bat)
      • Murina puta (Taiwan Tube-nosed Bat)
      • Murina recondita
      • Murina rozendaali (Gilded Tube-nosed Bat)
      • Murina ryukyuana (Ryukyu Tube-nosed Bat)
      • Murina silvatica (Forest Tube-nosed Bat)
      • Murina suilla (Brown Tube-nosed Bat)
      • Murina tenebrosa (Gloomy Tube-nosed Bat)
      • Murina tiensa (Mystery Tube-nosed Bat)
      • Murina tubinaris (Scully's Tube-nosed Bat)
      • Murina ussuriensis (Ussuri Tube-nosed Bat)
  • Underfamilien Myotinae
    • Slekt Cistugo – Wing-gland bats
      • Cistugo lesueuri (Lesueur's Hairy Bat)
      • Cistugo seabrai (Angolan Hairy Bat)
    • Slekt Myotis – Mouse-eared bats
      • Subslekt Myotis
        • Myotis altarium (Southwestern Mouse-eared Bat)
        • Myotis anjouanensis (Anjouan Mouse-eared Bat)
        • Myotis auriculus (Mexican Long-eared Bat)
        • Myotis bechsteini (Bechstein's Bat)
        • Myotis blythii (Lesser Mouse-eared Bat)
        • Myotis chinensis (Chinese Mouse-eared Bat)
        • Myotis dieteri (Kock's Mouse-eared Bat)
        • Myotis emarginatus (Geoffroy's Bat)
        • Myotis escalerai
        • Myotis evotis (Western Long-eared Bat)
        • Myotis goudoti (Malagasy Mouse-eared Bat)
        • Myotis keenii (Keen's Bat)
        • Myotis morrisi (Morris's Bat)
        • Myotis myotis (Greater Mouse-eared Bat)
        • Myotis pequinius (Beijing Mouse-eared Bat)
        • Myotis punicus (Maghrebian Mouse-eared Bat)
        • Myotis septentrionalis (Northern Long-eared Bat)
        • Myotis sicarius (Mandelli's Mouse-eared Bat)
        • Myotis thysanodes (Fringed Bat)
        • Myotis tricolor (Cape Hairy Bat)
      • Subslekt Chrysopteron
        • Myotis flavus
        • Myotis formosus (Hodgson's Bat)
        • Myotis hermani (Herman's Bat)
        • Myotis rufopictus (Orange-fingered Myotis)
        • Myotis welwitschii (Welwitsch's Bat)
      • Subslekt Selysius
        • Myotis alcathoe (Alcathoe Bat)
        • Myotis annectans (Hairy-faced Bat)
        • Myotis atacamensis (Atacama Myotis)
        • Myotis ater (Peters's Myotis)
        • Myotis aurascens (Steppe Whiskered Bat)
        • Myotis australis (Australian Myotis)
        • Myotis brandti (Brandt's Bat)
        • Myotis bucharensis (Bucharian Bat)
        • Myotis californicus (California Bat)
        • Myotis carteri (Carter's Myotis)
        • Myotis ciliolabrum (Western Small-footed Myotis)
        • Myotis davidii (David's Myotis)
        • Myotis dominicensis (Dominican Myotis)
        • Myotis elegans (Elegant Myotis)
        • Myotis findleyi (Findley's Myotis)
        • Myotis frater (Long-tailed Bat)
        • Myotis gomantongensis (Gomantong Myotis)
        • Myotis hajastanicus (Armenian Whiskered Bat)
        • Myotis hosonoi (Shinano Whiskered Bat)
        • Myotis ikonnikovi (Ikonnikov's Bat)
        • Myotis insularum (Insular Myotis)
        • Myotis keaysi (Hairy-legged Myotis)
        • Myotis latirostris (Broad-muzzled Whiskered Bat)
        • Myotis leibii (Eastern Small-footed Bat)
        • Myotis martiniquensis (Schwartz's Myotis)
        • Myotis melanorhinus (Dark-nosed Small-footed Myotis)
        • Myotis muricola (Wall-roosting Mouse-eared Bat)
        • Myotis mystacinus (Whiskered Bat)
        • Myotis nesopolus (Curacao Myotis)
        • Myotis nigricans (Black Myotis)
        • Myotis nipalensis (Nepal Whiskered Bat)
        • Myotis oreias (Singapore Whiskered Bat)
        • Myotis ozensis (Oze Whiskered Bat)
        • Myotis phanluongi
        • Myotis planiceps (Flat-headed Myotis)
        • Myotis ridleyi (Ridley's Bat)
        • Myotis rosseti (Thick-thumbed Myotis)
        • Myotis scotti (Scott's Mouse-eared Bat)
        • Myotis siligorensis (Himalayan Whiskered Bat)
        • Myotis sodalis (Indiana Bat)
        • Myotis yanbarensis (Yanbaru Whiskered Bat)
        • Myotis yesoensis (Yoshiyuki's Myotis)
      • Subslekt Isotus
        • Myotis bombinus (Amur Bat)
        • Myotis nattereri (Natterer's Bat)
        • Myotis schaubi (Arax Bat)
      • Subslekt Leuconoe
        • Myotis adversus (Large-footed Bat)
        • Myotis aelleni (Southern Myotis)
        • Myotis albescens (Silver-tipped Myotis)
        • Myotis annamiticus (Annamit Myotis)
        • Myotis austroriparius (Southeastern Bat)
        • Myotis bocagii (Rufous Mouse-eared Bat)
        • Myotis capaccinii (Long-fingered Bat)
        • Myotis chiloensis (Chilean Myotis)
        • Myotis cobanensis (Guatemalan Myotis)
        • Myotis csorbai (Csorba's Mouse-eared Bat)
        • Myotis dinellii (Dinnell's Myotis)
        • Myotis dasycneme (Pond Bat)
        • Myotis daubentoni (Daubenton's Bat)
        • Myotis daubentoni (Sakhalin Myotis)
        • Myotis fimbriatus (Hairy-footed Mouse-eared Bat)
        • Myotis fortidens (Cinnamon Myotis)
        • Myotis grisescens (Gray bat)
        • Myotis hasseltii (Lesser Large-footed Bat)
        • Myotis horsfieldii (Horsfield's Bat)
        • Myotis laniger (Chinese Water Myotis)
        • Myotis levis (Yellowish Myotis)
        • Myotis longipes (Kashmir Cave Bat)
        • Myotis lucifugus (Little Brown Bat)
        • Myotis macrodactylus (Eastern Long-fingered Bat)
        • Myotis macropus
        • Myotis macrotarsus (Pallid Large-footed Myotis)
        • Myotis moluccarum (Maluku Myotis)
        • Myotis montivagus (Burmese Whiskered Bat)
        • Myotis occultus (Occult Bat)
        • Myotis oxyotus (Montane Myotis)
        • Myotis peninsularis (Peninsular Myotis)
        • Myotis petax (Eastern Water Bat)
        • Myotis pruinosus (Black Whiskered Bat)
        • Myotis ricketti (Rickett's Big-footed Bat)
        • Myotis riparius (Riparian Myotis)
        • Myotis ruber (Red Myotis)
        • Myotis simus (Rufous Whiskered Bat)
        • Myotis stalkeri (Kei Myotis)
        • Myotis velifer (Cave Bat)
        • Myotis volans (Long-legged Myotis)
        • Myotis yumanensis (Yuma Bat)
      • Subslekt Pizonyx
        • Myotis vivesi (Fish-eating Bat)
    • Slekt Lasionycteris
      • Lasionycteris noctivagans (Silver-haired Bat)
  • Underfamilien Kerivoulinae
    • Slekt Kerivoula (Painted bats)
      • Kerivoula africana (Tanzanian Woolly Bat)
      • Kerivoula agnella (St. Aignan's Trumpet-Eared Bat)
      • Kerivoula argentata (Damara Woolly Bat)
      • Kerivoula cuprosa (Copper Woolly Bat)
      • Kerivoula eriophora (Ethiopian Woolly Bat)
      • Kerivoula flora (Flores Woolly Bat)
      • Kerivoula hardwickii (Hardwicke's Woolly Bat)
      • Kerivoula intermedia (Small Woolly Bat)
      • Kerivoula kachinensis (Kachin Woolly Bat)
      • Kerivoula krauensis (Krau Woolly Bat)
      • Kerivoula lanosa (Lesser Woolly Bat)
      • Kerivoula lenis (Lenis Woolly Bat)
      • Kerivoula minuta (Least Woolly Bat)
      • Kerivoula muscina (Fly River Trumpet-Eared Bat)
      • Kerivoula myrella (Bismarck's Trumpet-Eared Bat)
      • Kerivoula papillosa (Papillose Woolly Bat)
      • Kerivoula pellucida (Clear-Winged Woolly Bat)
      • Kerivoula phalaena (Spurrell's Woolly Bat)
      • Kerivoula picta (Painted Bat)
      • Kerivoula smithii (Smith's Woolly Bat)
      • Kerivoula titania (Titania's Woolly Bat)
      • Kerivoula whiteheadi (Whitehead's Woolly Bat)
    • Slekt Phoniscus
      • Phoniscus aerosa (Dubious Trumpet-Eared Bat)
      • Phoniscus atrox (Groove-Toothed Bat)
      • Phoniscus jagorii (Peter's Trumpet-Eared Bat)
      • Phoniscus papuensis (Golden-Tipped Bat)

Kjelder[endre | endre wikiteksten]

  1. Miller-Butterworth, C. M., Murphy, W. J., O'Brien, S. J., Jacobs, D. S., Springer, M. S. & Teeling, E. C. (2007). «A family matter: conclusive resolution of the taxonomic position of the long-fingered bats, Miniopterus». Molecular Biology and Evolution 24 (7): 1553–1561. PMID 17449895. doi:10.1093/molbev/msm076. 
  2. Teeling, E. C., Springer, M. S., Madsen, O., Bates, P., O'Brien, S. J. & Murphy, W. J. (2005). «A molecular phylogeny for bats illuminates biogeography and the fossil record». Science 307 (5709): 580–584. PMID 15681385. doi:10.1126/science.1105113. 
  3. Discovery of Extinct Bat Doubles Diversity of Native Hawaiian Land Mammals, at the American Museum of Natural History; published March 21, 2016; retrieved June 20, 2016
  4. 4,0 4,1 Macdonald, D., red. (1984). The Encyclopedia of Mammals. New York: Facts on File. s. 807. ISBN 0-87196-871-1. 
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