Trochilinae

Frå Wikipedia – det frie oppslagsverket
Hopp til navigering Hopp til søk
Trochilinae


Kvitstrupejuvel, Lampornis castaneoventris Foto: Joseph C Boone
Kvitstrupejuvel, Lampornis castaneoventris
Foto: Joseph C Boone
Systematikk
Rike: Animalia
Rekkje: Chordata
Klasse: Aves
Orden: Caprimulgiformes
Familie: Trochilidae
Underfamilie: Trochilinae
Vitskapleg namn
Trochilinae
Jardine, 1833

Trochilinae er ein underfamilie av kolibriar. Medlemmer av Trochilinae har vore kalla typiske kolibriar og omfattar ca. 155 av alle ca. 335 kolibriartar. Dei andre underfamiliane er Florisuginae, Phaethornithinae, Polytminae, Lesbiinae og Patagoninae.

Typisk syner fuglar i Trochilinae iriserande fjørdrakt i metallisk raudt, oransje, grønt og eller blått. Dei syner kjønnsdimorfisme i fjørdrakta, dessutan i storleik hos mange artar.

Artslista[endre | endre wikiteksten]

Liste over biologiske slekter med artar i Trochilinae i rekkjefølgje etter EBird/Clements Checklist v2018[1] med norske namn etter Norske navn på verdens fugler.[2] Utvalet av slekter er etter HBW and BirdLife International illustrated checklist of the birds of the world, band 1, 2014.[3]

Slekt Sternoclyta

  • Skjoldkolibri, Sternoclyta cyanopectus, Violet-chested Hummingbird, Gould, 1846, (LC)

Slekt Hylonympha

  • Saksekolibri, Hylonympha macrocerca, Scissor-tailed Hummingbird, Gould, 1873, (EN)

Slekt Eugenes

Slekt Heliomaster

Slekt Panterpe

  • Eldstrupekolibri, Panterpe insignis, Fiery-throated Hummingbird, Cabanis & Heine, 1860, (LC)

Slekt Lampornis

  • Flekkstrupejuvel, Lampornis viridipallens, Green-throated Mountain-gem, Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846, (LC)
  • Flekkbrystjuvel, Lampornis sybillae, Green-breasted Mountain-gem, Salvin & Godman, 1892, (LC)
  • Amestyststrupejuvel, Lampornis amethystinus, Amethyst-throated Hummingbird, Swainson, 1827, (LC)
  • Blåstrupejuvel, Lampornis clemenciae, Blue-throated Hummingbird, Lesson, 1830, (LC)
  • Kvitbukjuvel, Lampornis hemileucus, White-bellied Mountain-gem, Salvin, 1865, (LC)
  • Purpurstrupejuvel, Lampornis calolaemus, Purple-throated Mountain-gem, Salvin, 1865, (LC)
  • Kvitstrupejuvel, Lampornis castaneoventris, White-throated Mountain-gem, Gould, 1851, (LC)

Slekt Lamprolaima

  • Granatkolibri, Lamprolaima rhami, Garnet-throated Hummingbird, Lesson, 1839, (LC)

Slekt Myrtis

Slekt Eulidia

  • Aricakolibri, Eulidia yarrellii, Chilean Woodstar, Bourcier, 1847, (CR)

Slekt Rhodopis

  • Vesperkolibri, Rhodopis vesper, Oasis Hummingbird, Lesson, 1829, (LC)

Slekt Thaumastura

  • Pinsettkolibri, Thaumastura cora, Peruvian Sheartail, Lesson, R & Garnot, 1827, (LC)

Slekt Chaetocercus

  • Kvitbukkolibri, Chaetocercus mulsant, White-bellied Woodstar, Bourcier, 1843, (LC)
  • Pygmékolibri, Chaetocercus bombus, Little Woodstar, Gould, 1871, (VU)
  • Knøttkolibri, Chaetocercus heliodor, Gorgeted Woodstar, Bourcier, 1840, (LC)
  • Santamartakolibri, Chaetocercus astreans, Santa Marta Woodstar, Bangs, 1899, (LC)
  • Esmeraldaskolibri, Chaetocercus berlepschi, Esmeraldas Woodstar, Simon, 1889, (EN)
  • Rustskaftkolibri, Chaetocercus jourdanii, Rufous-shafted Woodstar, Bourcier, 1839, (LC)

Slekt Myrmia

Slekt Microstilbon

  • Smalhalekolibri, Microstilbon burmeisteri, Slender-tailed Woodstar, Sclater, PL, 1888, (LC)

Slekt Doricha

Slekt Tilmatura

  • Signalhalekolibri, Tilmatura dupontii, Sparkling-tailed Hummingbird, Lesson, 1832, (LC)

Slekt Calothorax

  • Luciferkolibri, Calothorax lucifer, Lucifer Hummingbird, Swainson, 1827, (LC)
  • Fagerkolibri, Calothorax pulcher, Beautiful Hummingbird, Gould, 1859, (LC)

Slekt Calliphlox

  • Bahamaskolibri, Calliphlox evelynae, Bahama Woodstar, Bourcier, 1847, (LC)
  • Inaguakolibri, Calliphlox lyrura, Inagua WoodstarGould, 1869
  • Magentakolibri, Calliphlox bryantae, Magenta-throated Woodstar, Lawrence, 1867, (LC)
  • Purpurkolibri, Calliphlox mitchellii, Purple-throated Woodstar, Bourcier, 1847, (LC)
  • Ametystkolibri, Calliphlox amethystina, Amethyst Woodstar, Boddaert, 1783, (LC)

Slekt Archilochus

  • Rubinstrupekolibri, Archilochus colubris, Ruby-throated Hummingbird, Linné, 1758, (LC)
  • Svartstrupekolibri, Archilochus alexandri, Black-chinned Hummingbird, Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846, (LC)

Slekt Mellisuga

  • Dvergkolibri, Mellisuga minima, Vervain Hummingbird, Linné, 1758, (LC)
  • Bikolibri, Mellisuga helenae, Bee Hummingbird, Lembeye, 1850, (NT)

Slekt Calypte

Slekt Atthis

  • Humlekolibri, Atthis heloisa, Bumblebee Hummingbird, Lesson, R & Delattre, 1839, (LC)
  • Vinstrupekolibri, Atthis ellioti, Wine-throated Hummingbird, Ridgway, 1878, (LC)

Slekt Selasphorus

  • Breihalekolibri, Selasphorus platycercus, Broad-tailed Hummingbird, Swainson, 1827, (LC)
  • Raudkolibri, Selasphorus rufus, Rufous Hummingbird, Gmelin, 1788, (LC)
  • Chaparralkolibri, Selasphorus sasin, Allen's Hummingbird, Lesson, 1829, (LC)
  • Vulkankolibri, Selasphorus flammula, Volcano Hummingbird, Salvin, 1865, (LC)
  • Glokolibri, Selasphorus ardens, Glow-throated Hummingbird, Salvin, 1870, (EN)
  • Gnistkolibri, Selasphorus scintilla, Scintillant Hummingbird, Gould, 1851, (LC)
  • Kalliopekolibri, Selasphorus calliope, Calliope Hummingbird, Gould, 1847, (LC)

Slekt Chlorostilbon

  • Svartnebbsmaragd, Chlorostilbon melanorhynchus, Western Emerald, Gould, 1860, (NR)
  • Raudnebbsmaragd, Chlorostilbon gibsoni, Red-billed Emerald, Fraser, 1840, (LC)
  • Blåhalesmaragd, Chlorostilbon mellisugus, Blue-tailed Emerald, Linné, 1758, (LC)
  • Gullkronesmaragd, Chlorostilbon auriceps, Golden-crowned Emerald, Gould, 1852, (LC)
  • Cozumelsmaragd, Chlorostilbon forficatus, Cozumel Emerald, Ridgway, 1885, (LC)
  • Mayasmaragd, Chlorostilbon canivetii, Canivet's Emerald, Lesson, 1832, (LC)
  • Hagesmaragd, Chlorostilbon assimilis, Garden Emerald, Lawrence, 1861, (LC)
  • Chiribiquetesmaragd, Chlorostilbon olivaresi, Chiribiquete Emerald, Stiles, 1996, (LC)
  • Kubasmaragd, Chlorostilbon ricordii, Cuban Emerald, Gervais, 1835, (LC)
  • Svartbrystsmaragd, Chlorostilbon swainsonii, Hispaniolan Emerald, Lesson, 1829, (LC)
  • Puertoricosmaragd, Chlorostilbon maugaeus, Puerto Rican Emerald, Audebert & Vieillot, 1801, (LC)
  • Glansbuksmaragd, Chlorostilbon lucidus, Glittering-bellied Emerald, Shaw, 1812, (LC)
  • Koparsmaragd, Chlorostilbon russatus, Coppery Emerald, Salvin & Godman, 1881, (LC)
  • Smalhalesmaragd, Chlorostilbon stenurus, Narrow-tailed Emerald, Cabanis & Heine, 1860, (LC)
  • Grønhalesmaragd, Chlorostilbon alice, Green-tailed Emerald, Bourcier & Mulsant, 1848, (NR)
  • Korthalesmaragd, Chlorostilbon poortmani, Short-tailed Emerald, Bourcier, 1843, (LC)

Slekt Chlorestes

Slekt Cynanthus

  • Dunkelkolibri, Cynanthus sordidus, Dusky Hummingbird, Gould, 1859, (LC)
  • Breinebbkolibri, Cynanthus latirostris, Broad-billed Hummingbird, Swainson, 1827, (LC)

Slekt Cyanophaia

  • Blåhovudkolibri, Cyanophaia bicolor, Blue-headed Hummingbird, Gmelin, 1788, (LC)

Slekt Orthorhyncus

  • Toppkolibri, Orthorhyncus cristatus, Antillean Crested Hummingbird, Linné, 1758, (LC)

Slekt Klais

Slekt Abeillia

  • Smaragdstrupekolibri, Abeillia abeillei, Emerald-chinned Hummingbird, Lesson, R & Delattre, 1839, (LC)

Slekt Anthocephala

Slekt Stephanoxis

  • Grønvipekolibri, Stephanoxis lalandi, Green-crowned Plovercrest, Vieillot, 1818, (LC)
  • Fiolvipekolibri, Stephanoxis loddigesii, Purple-crowned Plovercrest, Vigors, 1831, (LC)

Slekt Phaeochroa

  • Skjelbrystkolibri, Phaeochroa cuvierii, Scaly-breasted Hummingbird, Delattre & Bourcier, 1846, (LC)

Slekt Campylopterus

  • Kilehalesabelveng, Campylopterus curvipennis, Wedge-tailed Sabrewing, Deppe, 1830, (LC)
  • Langhalesabelveng, Campylopterus excellens, Long-tailed Sabrewing, Wetmore, 1941
  • Gråbrystsabelveng, Campylopterus largipennis, Gray-breasted Sabrewing, Boddaert, 1783, (LC)
  • Kalksteinssabelveng, Campylopterus calcirupicola, Dry-forest Sabrewing
  • Rustsabelveng, Campylopterus rufus, Rufous Sabrewing, Lesson, 1840, (LC)
  • Fiolettsabelveng, Campylopterus hemileucurus, Violet Sabrewing, Deppe, 1830, (LC)
  • Tepuisabelveng, Campylopterus hyperythrus, Rufous-breasted Sabrewing, Cabanis, 1849, (LC)
  • Kvithalesabelveng, Campylopterus ensipennis, White-tailed Sabrewing, Swainson, 1822, (NT)
  • Brunhalesabelveng, Campylopterus falcatus, Lazuline Sabrewing, Swainson, 1821, (LC)
  • Santamartasabelveng, Campylopterus phainopeplus, Santa Marta Sabrewing, Salvin & Godman, 1879, (EN)
  • Naposabelveng, Campylopterus villaviscensio, Napo Sabrewing, Bourcier, 1851, (NT)
  • Yanomamosabelveng, Campylopterus duidae, Buff-breasted Sabrewing, Chapman, 1929, (LC)

Slekt Eupetomena

  • Svalekolibri, Eupetomena macroura, Swallow-tailed Hummingbird, Gmelin, 1788, (LC)

Slekt Chalybura

  • Svartfotdungump, Chalybura buffonii, White-vented Plumeleteer, Lesson, 1832, (LC)
  • Raudfotdungump, Chalybura urochrysia, Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer, Gould, 1861, (LC)

Slekt Thalurania

  • Mexicodryade, Thalurania ridgwayi, Mexican Woodnymph, Nelson, 1900, (VU)
  • Glansdryade, Thalurania colombica, Crowned Woodnymph, Bourcier, 1843, (LC)
  • Gaffeldryade, Thalurania furcata, Fork-tailed Woodnymph, Gmelin, 1788, (LC)
  • Svaledryade, Thalurania watertonii, Long-tailed Woodnymph, Bourcier, 1847, (EN)
  • Fiolettkronedryade, Thalurania glaucopis, Violet-capped Woodnymph, Gmelin, 1788, (LC)

Slekt Eupherusa

  • Stripehalekolibri, Eupherusa eximia, Stripe-tailed Hummingbird, Delattre, 1843, (LC)
  • Blåkronekolibri, Eupherusa cyanophrys, Blue-capped Hummingbird, Rowley, JS & Orr, 1964, (EN)
  • Kvithalekolibri, Eupherusa poliocerca, White-tailed Hummingbird, Elliot, 1871, (VU)
  • Svartbrystkolibri, Eupherusa nigriventris, Black-bellied Hummingbird, Lawrence, 1868, (LC)

Slekt Elvira

Slekt Microchera

Slekt Aphantochroa

  • Gråsabelveng, Aphantochroa cirrochloris, Sombre Hummingbird, Vieillot, 1818, (LC)

Slekt Taphrospilus

  • Ertekolibri, Taphrospilus hypostictus, Many-spotted Hummingbird, Gould, 1862, (LC)

Slekt Leucochloris

  • Kvitstrupekolibri, Leucochloris albicollis, White-throated Hummingbird, Vieillot, 1818, (LC)

Slekt Leucippus

  • Ferskenkolibri, Leucippus fallax, Buffy Hummingbird, Bourcier, 1843, (LC)
  • Tumbeskolibri, Leucippus baeri, Tumbes Hummingbird, Simon, 1901, (LC)
  • Flekkstrupekolibri, Leucippus taczanowskii, Spot-throated Hummingbird, Sclater, PL, 1879, (LC)
  • Olivenkolibri, Leucippus chlorocercus, Olive-spotted Hummingbird, Gould, 1866, (LC)

Slekt Amazilia

  • Kvitbrystkolibri, Amazilia chionogaster, White-bellied Hummingbird, Tschudi, 1846, (LC)
  • Cuzcokolibri, Amazilia viridicauda, Green-and-white Hummingbird, von Berlepsch, 1883, (LC)
  • Kastanjebukkolibri, Amazilia castaneiventris, Chestnut-bellied Hummingbird, Gould, 1856, (EN)
  • Amaziliakolibri, Amazilia amazilia, Amazilia Hummingbird, Lesson, R & Garnot, 1827, (LC)
  • Mayakolibri, Amazilia candida, White-bellied Emerald, Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846, (LC)
  • Honduraskolibri, Amazilia luciae, Honduran Emerald, Lawrence, 1868, (EN)
  • Svartnebbkolibri, Amazilia brevirostris, White-chested Emerald, Lesson, 1829, (LC)
  • Lysbukkolibri, Amazilia leucogaster, Plain-bellied Emerald, Gmelin, 1788, (LC)
  • Tupikolibri, Amazilia versicolor, Versicolored Emerald, Vieillot, 1818, (LC)
  • Andeskolibri, Amazilia franciae, Andean Emerald, Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846, (LC)
  • Glitterstrupekolibri, Amazilia fimbriata, Glittering-throated Emerald, Gmelin, 1788, (LC)
  • Fiolstrupekolibri, Amazilia lactea, Sapphire-spangled Emerald, Lesson, 1832, (LC)
  • Blåbrystkolibri, Amazilia amabilis, Blue-chested Hummingbird, Gould, 1853, (LC)
  • Yndekolibri, Amazilia decora, Charming Hummingbird, Salvin, 1891, (LC)
  • Purpurbrystkolibri, Amazilia rosenbergi, Purple-chested Hummingbird, Boucard, 1895, (LC)
  • Mangrovekolibri, Amazilia boucardi, Mangrove Hummingbird, Mulsant, 1877, (EN)
  • Asurkronekolibri, Amazilia cyanocephala, Azure-crowned Hummingbird, Lesson, 1830, (LC)
  • Beryllkolibri, Amazilia beryllina, Berylline Hummingbird, Deppe, 1830, (LC)
  • Blåhalekolibri, Amazilia cyanura, Blue-tailed Hummingbird, Gould, 1859, (LC)
  • Stålbukkolibri, Amazilia saucerottei, Steely-vented Hummingbird, Delattre & Bourcier, 1846, (LC)
  • Indigokronekolibri, Amazilia cyanifrons, Indigo-capped Hummingbird, Bourcier, 1843, (LC)
  • Snøbukkolibri, Amazilia edward, Snowy-bellied Hummingbird, Delattre & Bourcier, 1846, (LC)
  • Grønbukkolibri, Amazilia viridigaster, Green-bellied Hummingbird, Bourcier, 1843, (LC)
  • Rusthalekolibri, Amazilia tzacatl, Rufous-tailed Hummingbird, de la Llave, 1833, (LC)
  • Yucatánkolibri, Amazilia yucatanensis, Buff-bellied Hummingbird, Cabot, S, 1845, (LC)
  • Kanelkolibri, Amazilia rutila, Cinnamon Hummingbird, Delattre, 1843, (LC)
  • Fioletthettekolibri, Amazilia violiceps, Violet-crowned Hummingbird, Gould, 1859, (LC)
  • Zapotekkolibri, Amazilia viridifrons, Green-fronted Hummingbird, Elliot, 1871, (LC)
  • Kopargumpkolibri, Amazilia tobaci, Copper-rumped Hummingbird, Gmelin, 1788, (LC)

Slekt Chrysuronia

Slekt Goethalsia

  • Pirrekolibri, Goethalsia bella, Pirre Hummingbird, Nelson, 1912, (NT)

Slekt Goldmania

Slekt Trochilus

Slekt Lepidopyga

  • Safirstrupekolibri, Lepidopyga coeruleogularis, Sapphire-throated Hummingbird, Gould, 1851, (LC)
  • Safirbukkolibri, Lepidopyga lilliae, Sapphire-bellied Hummingbird, Stone, 1917, (CR)
  • Grønglanskolibri, Lepidopyga goudoti, Shining-green Hummingbird, Bourcier, 1843, (LC)

Slekt Juliamyia

Slekt Hylocharis

  • Safirpannekolibri, Hylocharis humboldtii, Humboldt's Sapphire, Bourcier & Mulsant, 1852, (LC)
  • Gullhalekolibri, Hylocharis eliciae, Blue-throated Goldentail, Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846, (LC)
  • Raudhakekolibri, Hylocharis sapphirina, Rufous-throated Sapphire, Gmelin, 1788, (LC)
  • Kvithakekolibri, Hylocharis cyanus, White-chinned Sapphire, Vieillot, 1818, (LC)
  • Gyllenkolibri, Hylocharis chrysura, Gilded Hummingbird, Shaw, 1812, (LC)
  • Blåhettekolibri, Hylocharis grayi, Blue-headed Sapphire, Delattre & Bourcier, 1846, (LC)
  • Kvitøyrekolibri, Hylocharis leucotis, White-eared Hummingbird, Vieillot, 1818, (LC)
  • Bajakolibri, Hylocharis xantusii, Xantus's Hummingbird, Lawrence, 1860, (LC)

Kjelder[endre | endre wikiteksten]

Referansar
  1. Schulenberg T. S., M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, T. A. Fredericks, og D. Roberson (august 2018), eBird/Clements Checklist v2018 (CSV), Cornell Lab of Ornithology, henta 18. august 2018 
  2. Syvertsen, P. O., Ree, V., Hansen, O. B., Syvertsen, Ø., Bergan, M., Kvam, H., Viker, M. & Axelsen, T. 2008. Virksomheten til Norsk navnekomité for fugl (NNKF) 1990-2008. Norske navn på verdens fugler. med oppdateringar i 2017. Norsk Ornitologisk Forening sin nettstad (publisert 21.12.2017)
  3. Del Hoyo, J.; N. J., Collar, BirdLife International, red. (2014). HBW and BirdLife International illustrated checklist of the birds of the world. Band 1. Barcelona: Lynx edicions. ISBN 9788496553941.