Turdus

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Turdus


Stortrast, Turdus fuscaterFoto: Tom Friedel
Stortrast, Turdus fuscater
Foto: Tom Friedel
Systematikk
Rike: Animalia
Rekkje: Chordata
Klasse: Aves
Orden: Passeriformes
Familie: Turdidae
Slekt: Turdus
Artar

Turdus er ei biologisk slekt av for det meste insektetande eller altetande trastar i familien Turdidae.

Slekta har ei kosmopolitisk utbreiing, med artar i Amerika, Europa, Asia, Afrika og Australia. Fleire artar har òg kolonisert nokre oseaniske øyar, og to artar har vorte introdusert til New Zealand. Fleire artar er trekkfuglar.

Artslista[endre | endre wikiteksten]

Turdus-trastar i rekkjefølgje etter eBird/Clements Checklist v2017[1] med norske namn etter Norske navn på verdens fugler:[2]

  • Asirtrast, Turdus menachensis, Yemen Thrush, Ogilvie-Grant, 1913, (VU)
  • Somalitrast, Turdus ludoviciae, Somali Thrush, Phillips, 1895, (VU)
  • Taitatrast, Turdus helleri, Taita Thrush, Mearns, 1913, (CR)
  • Bergtrast, Turdus abyssinicus, Abyssinian Thrush, J. F. Gmelin, 1789, (UR)
  • Usambaratrast, Turdus roehli, Usambara Thrush, Reichenow, 1905 , (NT)
  • Komortrast, Turdus bewsheri, Comoro Thrush, Newton, 1877, (LC)
  • Raudflanketrast, Turdus libonyana, Kurrichane Thrush, Smith, 1836, (LC)
  • Auroratrast, Turdus olivaceus, Olive Thrush, Linné, 1766, (LC)
  • Karootrast, Turdus smithi, Karoo Thrush, Bonaparte, 1850, (UR)
  • Saotometrast, Turdus olivaceofuscus, Sao Tome Thrush, Hartlaub, 1852, (NT)
  • Principetrast, Turdus xanthorhynchus, Principe Thrush, Salvadori, 1901, (CR)
  • Landsbytrast, Turdus pelios, African Thrush, Bonaparte, 1850, (LC)
  • Brilletrast, Turdus tephronotus, African Bare-eyed Thrush, Cabanis, 1878, (LC)
  • Gråryggtrast, Turdus hortulorum, Gray-backed Thrush, Sclater, 1863, (LC)
  • Himalayatrast, Turdus unicolor, Tickell's Thrush, Tickell, 1833, (LC)
  • Svartbrysttrast, Turdus dissimilis, Black-breasted Thrush, Blyth, 1847, (LC)
  • Hjartetrast, Turdus cardis, Japanese Thrush, Temminck, 1831, (LC)
  • Kvitkragetrast, Turdus albocinctus, White-collared Blackbird, Royle, 1840, (LC)
  • Ringtrast, Turdus torquatus, Ring Ouzel, Linné, 1758, (LC)
  • Gråvengtrast, Turdus boulboul, Gray-winged Blackbird, Latham, 1790, (LC)
  • Svarttrast, Turdus merula, Eurasian Blackbird, Linné, 1758, (LC)
  • Mandarintrast, Turdus mandarinus, Chinese Blackbird, Bonaparte, 1850, (LC)
  • Tibettrast, Turdus maximus, Tibetan Blackbird, Seebohm, 1881, (lc)
  • Sholatrast, Turdus simillimus, Indian Blackbird, Jerdon, 1839, (lc)
  • Øytrast, Turdus poliocephalus, Island Thrush, Latham, 1801, (LC)
  • Kastanjetrast, Turdus rubrocanus, Chestnut Thrush, Hodgson, 1846, (LC)
  • Rododendrontrast, Turdus kessleri, White-backed Thrush, Przewalski, 1876, (LC)
  • Mingtrast, Turdus feae, Gray-sided Thrush, Salvadori, 1887, (VU)
  • Gråstrupetrast, Turdus obscurus, Eyebrowed Thrush, Gmelin, 1789, (LC)
  • Bleiktrast, Turdus pallidus, Pale Thrush, Gmelin, 1789, (LC)
  • Brunhovudtrast, Turdus chrysolaus, Brown-headed Thrush, Temminck, 1831, (LC)
  • Izutrast, Turdus celaenops, Izu Thrush, Stejneger, 1887, (VU)
  • Svartstrupetrast, Turdus atrogularis, Black-throated Thrush, Jarocki, 1819, (UR)
  • Raudstrupetrast, Turdus ruficollis, Red-throated Thrush, Pallas, 1776, (LC)
  • Svartflekktrast, Turdus eunomus, Dusky Thrush, Temminck, 1831, (UR)
  • Raudflekktrast, Turdus naumanni, Naumann's Thrush, Temminck, 1820, (LC)
  • Gråtrast, Turdus pilaris, Fieldfare, Linné, 1758, (LC)
  • Raudvengtrast, Turdus iliacus, Redwing, Linné, 1766, (LC)
  • Måltrast, Turdus philomelos, Song Thrush, Brehm, 1831, (LC)
  • Kinatrast, Turdus mupinensis, Chinese Thrush, Laubmann, 1920, (LC)
  • Duetrast, Turdus viscivorus, Mistle Thrush, Linné, 1758, (LC)
  • Sottrast, Turdus nigrescens, Sooty Thrush, Cabanis, 1861, (LC)
  • Koltrast, Turdus infuscatus, Black Thrush, Lafresnaye, 1844, (LC)
  • Plebeiertrast, Turdus plebejus, Mountain Thrush, Cabanis, 1861, (LC)
  • Bleikaugetrast, Turdus leucops, Pale-eyed Thrush, Taczanowski, 1877, (LC)
  • Umbratrast, Turdus falcklandii, Austral Thrush, Quoy & Gaimard, 1824, (LC)
  • Blytrast, Turdus reevei, Plumbeous-backed Thrush, Lawrence, 1870, (LC)
  • Gulbeintrast, Turdus flavipes, Yellow-legged Thrush, Vieillot, 1818, (LC)
  • Bleikbrysttrast, Turdus leucomelas, Pale-breasted Thrush, Vieillot, 1818, (LC)
  • Røyktrast, Turdus fumigatus, Cocoa Thrush, Lichtenstein, 1823, (LC)
  • Amazontrast, Turdus hauxwelli, Hauxwell's Thrush, Lawrence, 1869, (LC)
  • Bleikgumptrast, Turdus obsoletus, Pale-vented Thrush, Lawrence, 1862, (LC)
  • Rustbuktrast, Turdus rufiventris, Rufous-bellied Thrush, Vieillot, 1818, (LC)
  • Leirtrast, Turdus grayi, Clay-colored Thrush, Bonaparte, 1838, (LC)
  • Arawaktrast, Turdus nudigenis, Spectacled Thrush, Lafresnaye, 1848, (LC)
  • Ecuadortrast, Turdus maculirostris, Ecuadorian Thrush, Berlepsch & Taczanowski, 1883, (LC)
  • Varzeatrast, Turdus sanchezorum, Varzea Thrush, O'Neill, 2011, (UR)
  • Terrakottatrast, Turdus haplochrous, Unicolored Thrush, Todd, 1931, (NT)
  • Kvitaugetrast, Turdus jamaicensis, White-eyed Thrush, Gmelin, 1789, (LC)
  • Sumptrast, Turdus lawrencii, Lawrence's Thrush, Coues, 1880, (LC)
  • Tygletrast, Turdus amaurochalinus, Creamy-bellied Thrush, Cabanis, 1850, (LC)
  • Svartnebbtrast, Turdus ignobilis, Black-billed Thrush, Sclater, 1857, (LC)
  • Marañontrast, Turdus maranonicus, Marañon Thrush, Taczanowski, 1880, (LC)
  • Oransjebuktrast, Turdus fulviventris, Chestnut-bellied Thrush, Sclater, 1857, (LC)
  • Svartkuttetrast, Turdus olivater, Black-hooded Thrush, Lafresnaye, 1848, (LC)
  • Skifertrast, Turdus nigriceps, Slaty Thrush, Cabanis, 1874, (LC)
  • Stortrast, Turdus fuscater, Great Thrush, Lafresnaye & d'Orbigny, 1837, (LC)
  • Chiguancotrast, Turdus chiguanco, Chiguanco Thrush, Lafresnaye & d'Orbigny, 1837, (LC)
  • Bektrast, Turdus serranus, Glossy-black Thrush, Tschudi, 1844, (LC)
  • Mestistrast, Turdus assimilis, White-throated Thrush, Cabanis, 1850, (LC)
  • Dryadetrast, Turdus albicollis, White-necked Thrush, Vieillot, 1818, (LC)
  • Rusttrast, Turdus rufopalliatus, Rufous-backed Robin, Lafresnaye, 1840, (LC)
  • Raudkragetrast, Turdus rufitorques, Rufous-collared Robin, Hartlaub, 1844, (LC)
  • Vandretrast, Turdus migratorius, American Robin, Linné, 1766, (LC)
  • Hispaniolatrast, Turdus swalesi, La Selle Thrush, Wetmore, 1927, (EN)
  • Kvithaketrast, Turdus aurantius, White-chinned Thrush, Gmelin, 1789, (LC)
  • Raudleggtrast, Turdus plumbeus, Red-legged Thrush, Linné, 1758, (LC)
  • Tretrast, Turdus lherminieri, Forest Thrush, Lafresnaye, 1844, (VU)

Kjelder[endre | endre wikiteksten]

Referansar[endre | endre wikiteksten]

  1. Schulenberg T. S., M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, T. A. Fredericks, og D. Roberson (august 2017) (CSV), eBird/Clements Checklist v2017, Cornell Lab of Ornithology, http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/updates-corrections-august-2017/, henta 1. oktober 2017 
  2. Syvertsen, P. O., Ree, V., Hansen, O. B., Syvertsen, Ø., Bergan, M., Kvam, H., Viker, M. & Axelsen, T. 2008. Virksomheten til Norsk navnekomité for fugl (NNKF) 1990-2008. Norske navn på verdens fugler. med oppdateringar i 2017. Norsk Ornitologisk Forening sin nettstad (publisert 21.12.2017)